Russia and Sweden Increase Environmental Cooperation and The Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia Moves to Strengthen Forestation

Spotlight Activity: Russia and Sweden Increase Environmental Cooperation and The Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia Moves to Strengthen Forestation

Russia-Sweden Cooperation

A working meeting was recently held at the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources under the leadership of Nuritdin Inamov, Director of the Department of International Cooperation at the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia, and Stephan Nistrem, Director of the Climate Department of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. The parties discussed the results of the work on the project “Capacity Building in the Field of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control, including using BAT (best available technology), to achieve goals of the Russian-Swedish working group on «Air Pollution and Climate Change». This activity contributes to the development of recommendations on the formation of Russian legislation in the field of greenhouse gas emissions regulations based on international experience and the provisions of the Paris Climate Agreement.

N. Inamov informed the Swedish delegation that the main goals in the field of environmental protection are currently united in the decree of the President of the Russian Federation by 7th May. Inamov stated, “We are working to improve the environmental state in Russia. We face ambitious goals – to reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere by 20% in 12 industrial centers of Russia. At the same time, we intend not to copy, but to adapt the achievements of foreign partners to Russian realities.”

The issue of ratification of the Paris Agreement will be considered after a thorough analysis of the socio-economic consequences of climate change policies, as well as after the adoption of standards for the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Acting Director of the Department of State Policy and Regulation in the Field of Water Resources and Hydrometeorology Larisa Korepanova noted that the project is a support for the formation of Russian legislation on the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions.

S. Nistrem stressed that cooperation in this area is important for both countries, and for their part, the Swedish partners are ready to provide insights that may be of interest in Russia. “We are interested in further promotion of projects in Russia,” he noted.

Potential Request for Proposals to Address Greenhouse Gas Absorption Being Developed by the Ministry of Natural Resources

The Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia is organizing a request for proposals for the implementation of projects in the field of greenhouse gas absorption (forestation). Voluntary projects will work as follows: The investor concludes an agreement with the subject of the Russian Federation on afforestation and reforestation. The progress of the project is entered into the Forest Regional Plan. Following the results of its implementation, a report is sent to the regional authorities. The report data is entered in the State Forest Register and taken into account when preparing the National Inventory of Anthropogenic Emissions. The investor eventually receives officially confirmed information about the amount of greenhouse gases absorbed as a result of the work performed. This approach will be implemented in the current transition period – when there is no state regulation of greenhouse gas emissions in the country. A new regulation law is planned in June 2019.

Investments in greenhouse gas absorption units could be a significant financial asset for a company, but only if the state’s model for controlling greenhouse gas emissions monetizes emissions and reductions, which remains to be done.

Status: Right Direction

A draft State Report on the State and Environmental Protection of the Russian Federation in 2017 states that the volume of captured and neutralized pollutants from stationary sources in the Russian Federation for the period 2010-2017. decreased by 14.7%. Emissions of pollutants into the air from stationary sources for 2010-2017 decreased by 8.6% – from 19 115.6 thousand tons in 2010 to 17 476.2 thousand tons in 2017.

The State Report is a documentary statistical basis for the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of the environmental development of Russian regions. It determines the priority areas of activity of state authorities in this area, as well as the development of measures aimed at preventing and reducing negative environmental impacts. News about cooperation with Sweden and readiness to implement voluntary projects in the field of greenhouse gas absorption suggest that Russia needs to use all available methods to solve its climate problems. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology is aware of the importance and the need to appeal to Western European experience, but this experience and European mechanisms must be adapted to the Russian reality.

Take Action

Big questions are raised by the mechanism for implementing voluntary projects in the field of greenhouse gas absorption. It is said that a joint act of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia and the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia is being prepared, defining parts of the implementation of voluntary forest projects, and statistical reporting forms are being worked out. But it is not clear when these proposals will come into force and how their control will be implemented. We understand that now there is only a preparatory stage. In our opinion, it is very important to accelerate the pace of development of state regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. This will bring a greater positive effect in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Contact:? Ministry of Russian Federation
http://services.government.ru/letters/

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Contact:
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http://services.government.ru/letters/

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