Climate Commitments Update:

Tracking the short and long-term climate goals of leading greenhouse emissions countries

Climate Scorecard is tracking the ability of leading greenhouse gas emitting countries to commit to and develop plans for achieving short-term (by 2030) and long-term (by 2050) emission reduction targets. The summary graph and detailed country profiles below will be updated on a regular basis. We also will publish a monthly update of our Country Climate Commitments and make it available to those on the Climate Scorecard mailing list, which you can join here.

Countries & Regions Represented in Each Bar
  1. Australia, Brazil, E.U., France, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.
  2. E.U., France, Germany, United Kingdom
  3. E.U., France, Germany, United Kingdom
  4. Australia, Canada, E.U., France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States
  5. E.U., Germany, Spain, United Kingdom

This past fall, ahead of COP 28, many countries updated their NDCs and buckled down on climate commitments. Conversations at COP 28, which took place from the 30th of November to the 13th of December in Dubai, UAE, did not manage to put a definitive end to the era of fossil fuels, but they did make important strides toward that goal. Many countries continue to be off-track when it comes to meeting their Paris Agreement goals, but progress is being made toward successful mitigation of the global climate crisis.

At COP28, participating Parties established the goals of tripling renewable energy capacity and doubling energy efficiency improvements by 2030, as well as moving forward with the transition away from fossil fuels. A central issue at the conference was climate finance. Six countries pledged new funding ,and the total amount pledged now reaches USD 12.8 billion. This increase in finances will make important research and innovative solutions more feasible.

Of the thirteen countries that have updated their NDCs in the past year, changes made by the high-emitters Brazil, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates are particularly impactful.

Brazil updated its NDC in October of 2023. The country has increased its carbon reduction commitment to 48% compared with 2005 levels by 2025 and 53% by 2030. These changes come after President Lula was elected in early 2023 and made climate change mitigation a priority. Brazil’s NDC reaffirmed its preexisting commitment to carbon neutrality by 2050, but the country does not yet have a plan of action to achieve this goal.

Turkey’s updated NDC fails to meet Paris Agreement goals, but it does indicate a certain level of commitment to emissions reduction. The country has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 41% by 2030 as compared to business-as-usual predictions with a base year of 2012. It has established a net zero emissions target for 2053. Turkey is also preparing a National Development Plan for the years 2024 through 2028, as well as a long-term low emission development strategy, both of which aim to reconcile climate targets and economic growth.

The United Arab Emirates’ updated NDC establishes the goal of net zero emissions by 2050.  The country has drafted a high-level plan to achieve that goal: The 2050 Strategic Initiative. The UAE have also committed to a 19% greenhouse gas reduction target for 2030 as compared to 2019 emissions, a loftier goal than their previous plan to decrease emissions from predicted business-as-usual levels. Though the UAE has certainly made their NDC more ambitious in preparation for hosting COP28, their pledges still fail to meet all of the Paris Agreement goals.

Other countries that updated their NDCs this season include Azerbaijan, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Madagascar, Kiribati, Namibia, Oman, and Turkmenistan.

Detailed information by country can be found on our scorecard page here.


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