Climate Commitments Update:
Tracking the short and long-term climate goals of leading greenhouse emissions countries
Climate Scorecard is tracking the ability of leading greenhouse gas emitting countries to commit to and develop plans for achieving short-term (by 2030) and long-term (by 2050) emission reduction targets. The summary graph and detailed country profiles below will be updated on a regular basis. We also will publish a monthly update of our Country Climate Commitments and make it available to those on the Climate Scorecard mailing list, which you can join here.
Countries & Regions Represented in Each Bar
- Australia, Brazil, E.U., France, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.
- E.U., France, Germany, United Kingdom
- E.U., France, Germany, United Kingdom
- Australia, Canada, E.U., France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, Spain, United Kingdom, United States
- E.U., Germany, Spain, United Kingdom
Earlier this month, The Bonn Climate Change Conference concluded in Germany. This smaller conference was a meeting of subcommittees focused on logistical aspects of the Paris Agreement. The most contentious issue of the conference was the compensation of less developed countries, which is a necessary aspect of many less developed countries’ NDCs. This is based on the “loss and damage” mechanism in which larger economies that have historically contributed more to climate change compensate countries with less developed economies. This is the primary guide for transferring funds between countries in relation to the Paris Agreement climate goals. According to experts, many less developed countries were pushing for the development of new compensation mechanisms. Unfortunately, the topic was not officially added to the COP27 agenda that will take place this November.
Notably, Australia submitted a letter to the INFCC that communicated the country’s new commitment to a 43% emissions reduction by 2030 compared with the base year of 2005. This is a marked increase compared to their previous NDC that only committed to reducing emissions by 28% by the year 2030. Disappointingly, this NDC is still below many other high emitting countries that have committed to a 50% carbon emission reduction by 2030. However, Australia reinforced its commitment to carbon neutrality by 2050 and lays out specific targets that will keep the country on track towards achieving that goal. One of these targets is for Commonwealth Agencies to achieve carbon neutrality by 2030, which would lead to a strong example for the rest of the country. Overall, this is a welcome update and puts Australia on track to contributing proportionately to the Paris Agreement.
Haiti also updated its NDC this month. The country increased its commitment to an unconditional carbon emissions reduction of 6.32% by 2030 compared to the base year of 2000. It also established a conditional 25.5% emissions reduction by 2030 that would be reliant on international support. The updated NDC is significant given the size and economic development level of the country. The NDC is comprehensive and lays out specific targets and goals outside of carbon emissions that will be key for the country to achieve sustainable development.
Recently, the NDC registry’s website has changed and no longer allows users access to previous versions of the country’s NDCs. The registry is now officially linked to Climate Watch’s NDC tracker, according to a recently published World Bank article. Climate Watch’s website breaks down each country’s NDC into summaries and categories. It also allows access to previous versions of NDCs, which used to be accessed through the NDC registry website. While this format is easy to navigate, the site is more difficult to find and there is no link from the registry to Climate Watch. Furthermore, the summary of the NDC jumps out at users before they can read the original NDC paper. Overall, these changes risk being less accessible, especially to non-English speakers. The intention behind these changes is also unclear. Is the INFCC attempting to shift focus on updates to the Paris Agreement, or, are they attempting to hide countries that have not updated their NDCs?
Detailed information by country can be found on our scorecard page here.