Thailand’s Nationally Determined Contribution

Spotlight Activity: Thailand’s Nationally Determined Contribution

In 2015, Thailand submitted its INDC report to the UNFCCC, which outlines Thailand’s INDC targets and action plans for achieving the INDC targets. With respect to the INDC targets, Thailand intends to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% from the projected business-as-usual (BAU) level by 2030. Here, the business-as-usual projection is from the base year 2005 and takes into account around 555 MtCO2. Thailand’s INDC targets also mentions, “the level of contribution of greenhouse gas emissions reduction could increase up to 25%, if subjected to adequate and enhanced access to technology development and transfer, financial resources and capacity building support through a balanced and ambitious global agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)”.

Thailand’s INDC framework considers relevant criteria like the timeframe, coverage, baseline, gases, assumptions and methodological approaches, planning processes, international market mechanisms, and review and adjustments. For baseline, the business-as-usual projection from the reference year 2005 is in the absence of major climate change policies. Thailand aims to achieve the INDC targets between the 2021-2030 timeframe. In terms of coverage, Thailand’s INDC will cover economy-wide activities; and activities under land-use inclusion, land-use change and forestry are yet to be decided. The INDC aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are generated from different sources of gases like carbon dioxide CO2, methane CH4, nitrous oxide N2O, hydrofluorocarbons HFCs, perfluorocarbons PFCs, and sulphur hexafluoride SF6

International market mechanism is another key aspect of Thailand’s INDC framework. In this regard, the 2015 INDC report states, “Thailand will continue to explore the potentials of bilateral, regional and international market mechanisms as well as various approaches that can facilitate, expedite and enhance technology development and transfer, capacity building and access to financial resources that supports Thailand’s efforts towards achieving sustainable, low-carbon and climate-resilient growth, as appropriate”. Finally, the INDC framework will be reviewed and necessary adjustments will be made according to the Paris Agreement objectives.
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The 2015 INDC report also emphasizes major barriers, which might hinder Thailand’s ability to meet the INDC targets. For the energy sector, the barriers might include “limitation of grid connection due to inadequate capacity of transmission lines, lack of support by financial institutions for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments, lack of domestic technological and technical resources and negative public perception particularly against waste-to-energy and biomass power plants”. Finally, there is limited availability of advanced technologies in Thailand due to high costs and resource constraints, which is resulting in difficulties for successfully implementing Thailand’s climate change mitigation projects.

To learn more about Thailand’s INDC commitments please visit the 2015 INDC report at http://www4.unfccc.int/ndcregistry/PublishedDocuments/Thailand%20First/Thailand_INDC.pdf

Status: Moving Forward but More Needs to be Done

With respect to Thailand’s INDC commitments of 20-25% emissions reduction by 2030, an appropriate four-star rating scale will be the 2 oC compatible rating. To achieve the 2oC compatibility rating, Thailand’s proposed national plan, The Climate Change Master Plan have provided a roadmap for strengthening the INDC commitments of 20-25% emissions reduction by developing climate change mitigation projects, which are both climate resilient and environment-friendly in the long-run. However, for Thailand’s INDC targets to be completely compatible with the Paris Agreement targets of 1.50 C and below, much more is yet to be done. In order to ensure that Thailand’s INDC Pledge aligns with the Paris Agreement pledge of 1.50 C and below, one recommendation will be to facilitate mitigation projects by partnering with developed countries. Here, the four year 2018-2021 Thai- German Climate Programme will be significant. To achieve the INDC commitments, the Thai-German Climate Programme will enhance the financing of climate change mitigation projects in Thailand, provide advanced technologies for reducing large-scale greenhouse gas emissions and increase the capacity building for green growth infrastructures. With respect to the Thai-German Climate Programme, the strong partnership between Germany and Thailand will help both countries in effectively addressing climate change issues. Most importantly, the Climate Programme will help Thailand in strategizing concrete policies and plans for meeting Thailand’s INDC targets.
Similarly, meeting the Paris Agreement targets of 1.5 oC and below will require well-designed roadmaps. To create well-structured roadmaps another recommendation is to encourage active stakeholder collaboration. Active stakeholder participation between government officials, environmental groups, local people, NGOs and international partners will lead to the sharing of different ideas and inputs; which will help formulate best possible solutions for meeting the INDC targets by 2030. Finally, regular monitoring and evaluation mechanisms should be included in the proposed plans. This will help in making necessary changes to policies and plans in order to achieve the INDC targets.

To learn more about Thailand’s INDC pledge and rating please visit http://track0.org/countries/
To learn more about the 2018-2021 Thai-German Climate Programme please visit a May 2, 2018 news report by the Nation at http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30344399

Take Action

To help ensure that Thailand successfully achieves the INDC commitments, you can contact members of the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning with the following Action Alert message:

Dear Minister,
It is important that Thailand strengthen the INDC pledge our country has made to the Paris Agreement before the Agreement goes into effect in 2020. For the INDC pledge to be compatible with the Paris Agreement pledge of 1.5 oC and below, Thailand could facilitate mitigation projects by partnering with developed countries. Here, the four year 2018-2021 Thai- German Climate Programme will be significant. To achieve the INDC commitments, the Thai-German Climate Programme will enhance the financing of climate change mitigation projects in Thailand, provide advanced technologies for reducing large-scale greenhouse gas emissions and increase the capacity building for green growth infrastructures. To meet the Paris Agreement targets of 1.5 oC and below, Thailand should create well-designed roadmaps. To create well-designed roadmaps active stakeholder participation between government officials, environmental groups, local people, NGOs, and international partners will be necessary. This will lead to the sharing of different ideas and inputs, which will help formulate the best possible solutions for meeting INDC targets by 2030. Finally, regular monitoring and evaluation mechanisms should be included in the project plans. This will help in making necessary changes to policies and plans in order to achieve the INDC targets.

Send Action Alert Message to:

Dr. Rawawan Puridej
Secretary General
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning
60/1 Soi Pibulwatana 7, Rama VI Road,
Phayathai, Bangkok 10400 Thailand
Telephone: 0-2265-6506, Fax: 0-2265-6506
Email: rawewan@onep.go.th

Dr. Asadaporn Kraipanont
Deputy Secretary General
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning
60/1 Soi Pibulwatana 7, Rama VI Road,
Phayathai, Bangkok 10400 Thailand
Telephone: 0-2265-6505, Fax: 0-2265-6506
Email: kasdaporn@gmail.com

????? 4 ????????????? ???????: ????????????????? INDC ??????

????2015,??????????????????????INDC???UNFCCC,????????????????????????????????????????INDC????????????????????????????????INDC.?????????????????INDC,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????20????????????????????????????(BAU)???2030.??????????????????????????????????????????????2005???????????????555MtCO2.????????????????????INDC???????????”??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????25????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (UNFCCC) “.

?????????????INDC?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????????????????????2005???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????????????? INDC ??????????????? 2021-2030. ???????????????????? INDC ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.INDC????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? CH4 ????????????? N2O ?????????????????????? HFCs perfluorocarbons PFCs ??? sulfur hexafluoride SF6.

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????INDC???????????.???????????2015INDC???????????????”??????????????????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”.??????????????????????INDC???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

2015INDC?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? INDC. ???????????????????????????????? “??? ????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

????????????????????????????????????????????????? INDC ????????????????????2015 INDC????????? http://www4.unfccc.int/ndcregistry/PublishedDocuments/Thailand%20First/Thailand_INDC.pdf

??????????????????***?????????????????????????????????????????

????????????????????????INDC???????????20?????25%??????????????2030??????????????????????????????????????2????????????????????????????????????.?????????????2???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????INDC???20?????25%?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????INDC??????????????????????????????????????????????????????1.5??????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????INDC???????????????????????????????????????????1.5???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????2018?????2021??????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????INDC????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????ClimateProgram???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? INDC ??????.
???????????????????????????????ParisAgreement???1.5???????????????????????????????roadmaps??????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????INDC???2030.????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? INDC.
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????INDC????????????????????? http://track0.org/countries/
????????????????????????????????????2018-2021???????????????????- ????????????????????2???????2018?????????????Nation??? http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30344399

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???????????????????????????????????????????????INDC????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????:
??????????????????????????,
???????????????????????????????????????????????INDC???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2020.????????????????????INDC?????????????????????????????ParisAgreement???1.5???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????2018?????2021??????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????INDC????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????????????????????1.5?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,????????????????,????????????,NGOs?????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????INDC???2030.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? INDC.

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?????: rawewan@onep.go.th

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????????: 0-2265-6505, ?????: 0-2265-6506
?????: kasdaporn@gmail.com

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