Turkey’s Nationally Determined Contribution

Spotlight Activity: Turkey’s Nationally Determined Contribution

Turkey’s Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC) is to reduce its greenhouse gas reduction, including land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF), up to 21% below business as usual in 2030. Turkey has not ratified the Paris Agreement, awaiting confirmation for the Green Climate Fund.

Status: Falling Behind – Critically Insufficient

Turkey’s ongoing investment in expanding coal power production is in strong contrast to the need for the world to fully decarbonize the power sector by 2050. In addition to operating 67 units of coal-fired power plants (emitting 72 MtCO2 a year), six units are under construction, and more than 73 units are planned. If all of these units were built, the total emissions from coal would increase annual Turkish emissions by at least 40%

Two-thirds of Turkey’s emissions are “energy-related.” Turkey’s total electricity (power) demand has been increasing rapidly and it reached 295 TWh in 2017. According to the projections of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, final electricity demand of Turkey is expected to reach at 416 TWh in 2023.

Imports meet 70% of Turkey’s energy demand. It imports nearly 99% of the natural gas and 89% of its oil supplies. Therefor the country is in need of diversification of its energy sources. Currently, primary energy demand is met by natural gas and LNG (33,9%), coal (33,7%), hydro (24,6%), and other renewables (7,8%).

A National Renewable Energy Action plan has been carried out for the period of 2013-2023 and committed to obtain 30% of its total installed capacity from renewable sources such as hydro, geothermal, wind and solar. In addition, by 2023 Turkey plans to generate 10% of its total electricity demand from 2 nuclear power plants. In addition to diversification of energy sources, Turkey published an Energy Efficiency Strategy for 2012-2023 to decrease its energy density of final consumption. However, at the same time Turkey has planned to increase coal-powered electricity output from 32 billion kilowatt-hours in 2014 to 57 billion kWh by 2018.

Turkey might achieve its NDC target by boosting its renewable energy source related energy production together with its commitment on energy efficiency. However, its plans for coal-powered electricity production and nuclear power plant constructions leave a question mark on Turkey’s commitment to climate change and environment issues.

Take Action

Please contact the Ministry and indicate your concerns on coal and nuclear powered electricity production plans with the following Action Alert message:

Dear Minister Mehmet Ozhaseki,
It is important that Turkey strengthen the pledge our country has made to the Paris Agreement before the Agreement goes into effect. For example Turkey could increase its renewable energy source production and increase its commitment to energy efficiency. Plans for coal-powered electricity production should be reconsidered. Although the coal power plants can help to decrease the energy dependency of Turkey in the short term, increases in coal-powered electricity output is not a sustainable approach and such investment should be reconsidered. Considering the deplorable working conditions in the coal mining sites in Turkey and the very high number of work accidents result in deaths, increasing the coal power plants should not be an option. On the contrary, Turkey should take solid step to shut down the existing ones.

Send Action Alert Message to:

Minister Mehmet Ozhaseki
Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning
Address: Mustafa Kemal Mahallesi Eski?ehir Devlet Yolu 9. km. No: 278 Çankaya / Ankara?Tel: +90 (312) 410 10 00

Dikkat Çeken Aktivite: Türkiye’nin Paris Anlasma?? Ulusal Katk? Niyet Beyan? (INDC)

Türkiye’nin Ulusal Katk? Niyet Beyan? sera gaz? oran?n?, arazi kullanimi, arazi kullanimi degisimi ve ormancilik (LULUCF) dahil, 2030 itibariyle en az %21 kadar azaltmakt?r. Türkiye, Ye?il ?klim Fonu onay?n? beklemek üzere Paris Anla?mas?n? da henüz onaylamam??t?r.

Aktivite Puanlamas?: * Bir Y?ld?z – Kritik Seviyede Yetersiz

Türkiye’nin kömür üretimini art?rmaya yönelik artarak devam eden yat?r?m planlar?, dünyan?n 2050 y?l?na kadar enerji sektörünü tamamen dekarbonize etme ihtiyac?n?n tam tersi yönüde atilan ad?mlard?r. 67 birim kömür yak?tl? enerji santralinin i?letilmesine (y?lda 72 MtCO2 sal?m? yapmaktad?r) ek olarak 6 adet ünite yap?m a?amas?nda ve 73ün üzerinde de yap?lmas? planlanmaktad?r. Bu birimlerin tamam? in?a edilmi? olursa, kömür kaynakl? enerji üretimi y?ll?k toplam emisyon miktar?n? en az %40 oran?nda art?racakt?r.

Türkiye’nin emisyonlar?n?n üçte ikisi enerji kaynakl?d?r. Toplam elektrik talebi 2017 y?l?nda 295 TWh’ye ula?m??t?r. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanl???’n?n projeksiyonlar?na göre, Türkiye’nin elektrik talebinin 2023 y?l?nda 416 TWh’a ula?mas? beklenmektedir.

?thalat ile Türkiye’nin enerji talebinin %70’ini kar??lanmakta, do?al gaz?n yakla??k % 99’unu ve petrol kaynaklar?n?n %89’unu ithal etmektedir. Bu sebepten ülkenin enerji kaynaklar?n?n çe?itlendirilmesine ihtiyac? vard?r. ?u anda birincil enerji talebi do?al gaz ve LNG (%33.9), kömür (%33.7), hidro (%24.6) ve di?er yenilenebilir kaynaklar (%7.8) ile kar??lanmaktad?r.

2013-2023 dönemi için Ulusal Yenilenebilir Enerji Eylem Plan? olu?turulmu? ve toplam kurulu gücünün% 30’unu hidro, jeotermal, rüzgar ve güne? enerjisi gibi yenilenebilir kaynaklardan elde etme taahhüdünde bulunulmu?tu. Ayr?ca, 2023 y?l?na kadar Türkiye 2 nükleer santralden toplam elektrik talebinin % 10’unu üretmeyi planl?yor. Enerji kaynaklar?n?n çe?itlendirilmesine ek olarak, Türkiye enerji tüketimini azaltmak için 2012-2023 için bir Enerji Verimlili?i Stratejisi yay?nlam??t?r. Fakat Türkiye ayn? zamanda, 2014 y?l?nda 32 milyar kilovat-saat olan kömürle çal??an elektrik üretimini 2018 y?l?na kadar 57 milyar kWh’ye ç?karmay? da planlam??t?.

Türkiye, Ulusal Katki Niyet Beyanini enerji verimlili?i konusundaki taahhütleri ile ba?arabilir. Ancak, kömürle çal??an elektrik üretimi ve nükleer santral yap?m? ile ilgili planlar?, Türkiye’nin iklim de?i?ikli?i ve çevresel konulara olan ba?l?l??? konusunda bir soru i?areti b?rakmaktad?r.

Harekete Geç

Bakanl?k ile temasa geçebilir ve endi?elerinizi a?a??daki Eylem Uyar?s? mesaj?yla birlikte bildirebilirsiniz:

Say?n Bakan Mehmet Özhaseki, Türkiye’nin Paris Anla?mas?na olan deste?ini güçlendirmesi önemlidir. Bu deste?i yenilenebilir enerji kaynakl? enerji üretimi ve enerji verimlili?i hedeflerini art?rarak gösterebilir. Kömür kaynakl? elektrik üretimi için yap?lan planlar ise tekrar gözden geçirilmelidir. Kömü kaynakl? santraller, Türkiye’nin enerji konusunda d??a ba??ml?l???n? azaltmaya yard?mc? olsa da, sürdürülebilir bir yakla??m degildir. Türkiye’deki kömür madencili?i sahalar?ndaki çal??ma ko?ullar?, cok say?da ölümle sonuclanan i? kazalar? da göz önüne al?nd???nda, kömür kaynakl? enerji santrallerinin say?s?n? art?rmak bir seçenek olmamal?d?r. Aksine, Türkiye mevcut olanlar? da kapatmak için biran önce sa?lam ad?mlar atmal?d?r.

Eylem ?kaz Mesaj? ?lgili Ki?i:

Bakan Mehmet Ozhaseki
Çevre ve ?ehircilik Bakanl???
Adres: Mustafa Kemal Mahallesi Eski?ehir Devlet Yolu 9. km. No: 278 Çankaya / Ankara?Tel: +90 (312) 410 10 00

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