Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAS) Significant for Strengthening Thailand’s Paris Agreement Pledge, Improving Energy-efficiency and Mitigating Climate Change

Spotlight Activity: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAS) Significant for Strengthening Thailand’s Paris Agreement Pledge, Improving Energy-efficiency and Mitigating Climate Change

In February 2018, Thailand submitted two Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). NAMAs are defined as “actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions relative to business-as-usual emissions in developing countries. They are prepared under the umbrella of a government initiative, aligned with the country’s national development goals, and supported by finance, technology and capacity building.” In the international context, NAMAs were first established within the UN Climate Change Convention’s Cancun Agreements. Along with Thailand, other countries like Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam adopted the NAMA Projects in order to increase investments in energy-efficient buildings. The NAMA Projects paved the way for active stakeholder engagements where “ministries, local authorities, representatives from the construction sector, civil society and developers jointly participated through a series of country-specific workshops and training sessions to address barriers for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and stimulate action in the building sector”.

In Thailand’s context, the government proposed two NAMAs, which included greening low-and-middle income housing, and greening the country’s government buildings. It is estimated that the greening of housing complexes will be completed by 2023 whereas the greening of government building retrofits will be completed by 2022. The prime purpose of these two NAMA projects is to facilitate and promote green growth infrastructures in Thailand. Similarly, Isabella Louis, Deputy Director of UN Environment Asia and the Pacific Office further emphasized about the vast potentials of the NAMA Projects for facilitating green infrastructures in Thailand. Here she states, “Thailand’s government, leading the way, aims to truly transform the building market and see green growth for years to come. This project facilitates regional action for our collective future- heralding an era of Asian leadership on global climate commitments”. To facilitate green growth infrastructures, different steps have been considered under the proposed NAMAs. These steps will include “commissioning nationally built low-and-middle income housing, retrofitting government buildings, and instilling national green building specifications. In addition, emphasis will be given upon the design aspects of new buildings and retrofits, including materials, energy and water-efficient appliances, and research and market stimulation to lower the costs of green construction”.

In the long-run, the two NAMAs are expected to have a positive impact upon Thailand’s economy by reducing poverty, generating jobs, and promoting access to energy at both the local and national levels. The proposed NAMAs consider specific targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For instance, it has been estimated that the greening of low-and-middle income housing will reduce “Thailand’s projected emissions by around 304 kt of carbon dioxide per year” whereas greening of government buildings “will cut emissions by 1.6 kt of carbon dioxide equivalent annually”. The NAMA project plans to increase the government buildings for greening to around “639 buildings”, which will in turn increase the emissions reducing capacity by “decreasing around 98.8 kt of carbon dioxide per year”. It is thus likely that the proposed NAMAs will help in strengthening Thailand’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, which is of 20 percent emission reductions from business-as-usual by 2030. To meet the NDC targets, the proposed NAMAs will in turn enforce Thailand’s national goal, as mentioned in the Energy Efficiency Plan, which is to “reduce energy intensity by 30 percent by 2036, compared to 2010 levels”.

To learn more please visit the March 12, 2018 news report by Modern Diplomacy at https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2018/03/12/building-for-green-growth-in-thailand/

???????????: ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? (NAMAS)??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

?????????????????2018,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (NAMAs) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (UNFCCC). NAMAs???????????????”??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”.????????????????????NAMAs????????????????????????????????????????????????Cancun????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????????? ? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? NAMA ????? ???????????????????????????????????????.???????NAMA??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? “.

????????????????????????????????NAMAs ????? 2 ?????????????????? GreeningHousing??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????2023????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2022.????????????????????????NAMA??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????Isabella??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????NAMA?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????”????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????NAMA??????????.???????????????????????”???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? “.

????????????????NAMAs????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.NAMA????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”?????????????????????????????????? 304 kt ????????????????????????”???????????????????????????? “????????????????????????????????????????? 1.6 ???????? ?????????????? “. ??????? NAMA?????????????????????????????????????greening ????? “639 ?????”, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? “?????????? 98.8 kt ????????????????????????????”.??????????????????????NAMAs?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(NDC)???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 20 ???????????????????2030. ????????????????????? NDC NAMAs ???????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????? “?????????????????” ????????? “???????????????????????30 ??????????? ??????? 2036, ??????????????2010 ?????”.

Status: Right Direction

By developing the two NAMA Projects, Thailand is certainly moving in the right direction. Thailand’s ability to successfully fulfill the Paris Agreement Pledge, which is more likely to occur as the proposed NAMAs are expected to significantly decrease large-scale greenhouse gas emissions in the near-future. Most importantly, promoting green growth infrastructures under the two NAMA projects, will ultimately lead to a more sustainable, energy-friendly and clean environment.

??????????????? NAMA ???? 2 ????????????????????????????????????????????. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????????????????NAMAs??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????NAMA??????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

Take Action

To take action, simply fill out your name and email in the form below and the message will be sent.

Your message will be sent to:

Mr. Praphon Wongtharua
Director General
Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency, Ministry of Energy
17 Rama l Road, Kasatsuk Bridge,
Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Thailand
Telephone: +662-223-0021-9 ext: 1320, 1625
Email: praphon_w@dede.go.th

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17 ?????? l ??? Kasatsuk Bridge,
???????????????10330 ?????????
????????: + 662-223-0021-9, ????????:1320,1625
??????:: praphon_w@dede.go.th

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