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Turkey’s Feed-In Tariff System of the Renewable Energy Sources Support Mechanism (YEKDEM)
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Turkey’s Feed-In Tariff System of the Renewable Energy Sources Support Mechanism (YEKDEM)

By Climate Scorecard Turkey Country Manager Barış Can Sever One of Turkey’s best practices in renewable energy production is the feed-in tariff system of the Renewable Energy Sources Support Mechanism (YEKDEM). However, while the mechanism aims to accelerate investments in renewable energy production, it contains several controversial aspects in its approach and implementation. Before revealing...

Turkey Needs to Develop a Multi-Sector Decarbonization Plan Among Other Climate Policies
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Turkey Needs to Develop a Multi-Sector Decarbonization Plan Among Other Climate Policies

Policy Recommendation 1: Current Incentives and Plans for Coal-Based Power Plants Should be Decreased and Eventually Abandoned Policy Recommendation 2: The Production and Use of renewable Energy Should be Supported The energy sector is responsible for the largest share of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Turkey. Given that many of Turkey’s emissions stem from the...

Turkey’s Electricity Consumption was 272.53 Terawatt hours (TWh) in 2018, a 443.65% increase over 1990 levels (Source: IEA)
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Turkey’s Electricity Consumption was 272.53 Terawatt hours (TWh) in 2018, a 443.65% increase over 1990 levels (Source: IEA)

Since 1990, Turkey’s electricity consumption has steadily increased with period decreases in 2001 and 2010. The country consumed 50.13 Terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity in 1990 and 272.53 TWh in 2018. This thirty-year trend represents a 443.65% increase in electricity consumption throughout Turkey. From largest to smallest share in Gigawatt hours (GWh), Turkey’s electricity sources...

190% Increase in Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Turkey Since 1990
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190% Increase in Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Turkey Since 1990

Recently Reported Greenhouse Gas Emissions Levels: 374.13 Megatons in 2018, a 190.56% increase over 1990 levels (Source: IEA) Current greenhouse gas (GHG) levels in Turkey have been exacerbated by emissions from coal, oil, and gas industries (161.0 Mt, 115 Mt, and 93 Mt respectively). GHG emissions are mainly composed of CO2, methane, and nitrous oxide...

A New Green Infrastructure Policy in Turkey Will Stimulate the Creation of Green Jobs
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A New Green Infrastructure Policy in Turkey Will Stimulate the Creation of Green Jobs

In the 2012 Rio+20 Sustainable Development Conference, sectors closely related to environmental sustainability are listed as agriculture, forestry, fishing, renewable energy, resource intensive production, recycling, construction and transportation. Turkey’s presentation at this Conference introduced its approach to green jobs. It identified the following sectors for creating green jobs: power generation from waste heat, water and...

There is A Need to Organize an Effective Opposition for Climate Justice in Turkey
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There is A Need to Organize an Effective Opposition for Climate Justice in Turkey

The concept of climate justice is quite new to social movements in Turkey. There are many demographic segments in the country that are vulnerable and are affected by ecological destruction and the climate crisis. These vulnerable communities also take longer and are more difficult to recover from environmental damages. For example, in the most recent...

Turkey’s 11th Development Plan Needs to be Updated to Ensure a Green Recovery for Sectors Affected by COVID-19
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Turkey’s 11th Development Plan Needs to be Updated to Ensure a Green Recovery for Sectors Affected by COVID-19

COVID-19 has had worldwide consequences, both as an outbreak and in terms of the globalized world economy. According to the World Bank, the global economy will shrink by 5% and GDP per capita by 6.2% due to the pandemic. For Turkey, which is already in an economic crisis, the situation is even more critical. According...

COVID-19 Economic Recovery Policies in Turkey Should Include Supporting Self-Sustaining Agricultural Production
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COVID-19 Economic Recovery Policies in Turkey Should Include Supporting Self-Sustaining Agricultural Production

Turkey’s current or planned health and economic recovery policies for addressing COVID-19 are not taking into account issues related to climate change mitigation and/or adaptation.  However, there is a very important climate-related issue that Turkey should consider as part of its COVID-19 economic recovery program: the return to self-sustaining agricultural production.  Doing so would completely...

Turkey’s Energy Sector Continues to Rely on Conventional Power Sources
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Turkey’s Energy Sector Continues to Rely on Conventional Power Sources

Turkey’s demand for energy and natural resources is increasing day by day due to economic growth and population growth. Turkey shows the highest annual growth rate among OECD countries. Reliance on imports accounts for 3 out of 4 units of Turkey’s total primary energy supply. Unquestionably, Turkey’s top policy priority has been to secure its...

A Voluntary Carbon Market in need of Carbon Pricing Policy in Turkey
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A Voluntary Carbon Market in need of Carbon Pricing Policy in Turkey

Turkey does not currently mandate a carbon pricing policy. However, projects for the Voluntary Carbon Market, established within the framework of the principle of environmental and social responsibility, have been developed and implemented for a long time. A Voluntary Carbon Market is a market created to facilitate the voluntary reduction and balancing of greenhouse gas...

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