Author: Pooran Chandra Pandey (Pooran Chandra Pandey)

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India’s Most Significant Climate Policies in 2023
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India’s Most Significant Climate Policies in 2023

Increasing Renewable Energy Capacity and Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme on High-Efficiency Solar PV Modules Boosts Climate Mitigation Potential India is the third largest carbon emitter globally, albeit with a lower per capita contribution. The country is also one of the largest and fastest growing economies, scaling up its industrial activities, primarily driven by fossil...

India: Model Community Climate Mitigation Programs
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India: Model Community Climate Mitigation Programs

Kochi Kawaki is a strategic urban greening program that follows a well-planned and implemented methodology, where feasible open spaces for tree-based interventions are identified with the support of the local community through tools like mapathons. For example, in the city of Kochi in Southern India, available spaces in clusters and along roads, waterways and property...

India Produces Emission Inventory Reports in a Timely, Comprehensive Manner
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India Produces Emission Inventory Reports in a Timely, Comprehensive Manner

Rating: A With the world’s largest population of over 1.4 billion and the fifth largest economy with an annual gross domestic product (GDP) of $3.1 trillion in 2022, India ranks third globally in carbon emissions. In 2021 the country emitted 2.7 billion metric tons of CO2, or 7% of the global total. The country’s energy consumption is...

Climate change effects on farm production in India vary by region
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Climate change effects on farm production in India vary by region

Rating: B India is the 7th largest nation by area, with more than 1.4 billion people.  Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihood, with 70% of its rural households still depending primarily on agriculture, while 82% of farmers are small and marginal. In addition, the population of Indian farmers is spread...

India has 16% of the Global Population but Only 4% of Total Water Resources, Resulting in Water Scarcity in Many Regions
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India has 16% of the Global Population but Only 4% of Total Water Resources, Resulting in Water Scarcity in Many Regions

Rating B Water supply is not only necessary to sustain human life, but is also a key input to many industries such as manufacturing and agriculture. Therefore, the conservation and optimal utilisation of this scarce resource is extremely important for economic development. While India has about 16% of the global population, it only has 4%...

India Country Progress Report on Emissions: Mid-way to 2023
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India Country Progress Report on Emissions: Mid-way to 2023

India has made significant progress in renewable energy capacity installation, ranking fourth globally in 2022. The Indian government has implemented comprehensive policy measures to encourage renewable energy, including capacity targets, improvements to administrative processes and incentives for the domestic production of solar technologies, and ramping up the production of green hydrogen. Countries in a global...

The Energy Research Institute (TERI) Influences National Climate Policy in India
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The Energy Research Institute (TERI) Influences National Climate Policy in India

Since the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference) was held in Stockholm in 1972 and attended by the then-Indian Prime Minister, among other heads of state, India has pursued concerns relating to environmental and climate issues. The climate agenda further gained momentum and strength with the active involvement...

India plans to reach the goal of 50% emissions reduction by 2030 over pre-industrial levels
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India plans to reach the goal of 50% emissions reduction by 2030 over pre-industrial levels

Hypothesis: India will reach the 50% emissions reduction goal by 2030.  Analysis: India updated its nationally determined contributions (NDCs). It submitted the same to UNFCCC in August 2022, stating its commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of its gross domestic product (GDP) by 45% by 2030, from 2005 levels; achieve 50% cumulative electric power installed...

India’s subsidies for fossil fuels have dropped by 72%, however they are still nine times higher than renewable energy subsidies
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India’s subsidies for fossil fuels have dropped by 72%, however they are still nine times higher than renewable energy subsidies

Fossil fuel subsidies are intended to protect consumers by keeping prices low. Still, it comes with sizable fiscal costs, promoting inefficient allocation of an economy’s resources and encouraging pollution without being targeted at people with low incomes. Fossil fuel subsidy removal also reduces energy security concerns related to volatile fossil fuel supplies. Recent estimates reveal that...

Role of the Indigenous Peoples in Climate Change in India
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Role of the Indigenous Peoples in Climate Change in India

India’s diversity is reflected through its 705 ethnic groups officially recognized as “Scheduled Tribes.” In central India, the Scheduled Tribes are usually referred to as Adivasis, which means Indigenous Peoples. The country also has several laws and constitutional provisions, such as the Fifth Schedule for Central India and the Sixth List for certain areas of north-eastern...

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