Recently Reported Greenhouse Gas Emissions Levels: 344.07 MtCO2e in 2018, a decrease of 61.2% from 1990 (Ukraine Government)
The most recent data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Ukraine was published in March 2020 by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources in their Annual National Inventory Report. This thorough report contains balances of GHG emissions and removals from 1990-2018 with detailed descriptions of various methods applied, scientific findings, and research on national circumstances. The inventory concerns itself with documenting emissions of seven different GHGs including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and nitrogen trifluoride.
Ukraine’s 2018 GHG emissions amounted to 344.07 Mt CO2 equivalent; with global emissions at 59,000 Mt CO2e, Ukraine contributed 0.58% to this measure. With Ukraine GHG emissions in the LULUCF sector amounting to 344.08 Mt CO2 equivalent in 2018, the country has seen a 61.2% decrease from their comparison year of 1990. In comparison to 2017, however, rates increased by 8.9%.
In December 2016, Cabinet Ministers in Ukraine approved the concept of implementing state policy in the field of climate change lasting until 2030. This is the first ever national strategic document in the field of climate change, which takes into account the main provisions of the Paris Agreement, and will contribute to the implementation of the main tasks of international climate policy in the country. Unfortunately, as of 2020, most tasks of the action plan are still unfinished.
As concluded by the National Inventory Report, Ukraine’s CO2 emissions trends from 1990-2019 were undoubtedly determined by the influential economic decline that followed the collapse of the USSR. The global financial crisis of 2008 and temporary occupation of by the Russian Federation in 2014 dictated Ukraine’s commodity production in major export-oriented industries. As a result, it can be concluded that Ukraine’s climate policies are not wholly responsible for the nation’s emissions levels, rather, their emissions were dictated by the circumstances of the world around them.
Emissions Levels: *** / 4 stars
Existing Policies: ** / 4 stars
Combined Activity Rating: ***** / 8 stars
Minister of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine
This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Ukraine Country Manager Oksana Omelchuk