Thailand’s Progress Towards Climate Change Mitigation Fail to Emphasize Holistic Policies to Affect Real Change

Spotlight Activity: Thailand’s Progress Towards Climate Change Mitigation Fail to Emphasize Holistic Policies to Affect Real Change

A joint meeting known as “Facilitative Dialogue 2018” will be held in a few weeks between countries committed to the Paris Agreement, in which Thailand will be an integral member. The prime purpose of this meeting is to determine how the countries are progressing with respect to achieving the Climate Change Mitigation Goals. In the context of Thailand, the targets are to reduce “greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20 to 25 percent by 2030”. However, experts are questioning if Thailand’s progress towards climate change mitigation fails to emphasize policies to affect real changes.

One of the major agenda items of the Facilitative Dialogue 2018 is that countries will have an opportunity to “revisit their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) in a fight to close the gap between the GHG emissions trajectory needed to achieve the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement”. According to Thailand’s implementation of climate change mitigation policies, Wanun Permpibul of Thailand Climate Action Network suggests that implementing policies will not be enough to strengthen Thailand’s Paris Agreement commitments. Instead, Mrs. Permpibul recommended about the necessity for more well-honed and holistic strategies for tackling Thailand’s climate change concerns. In this regard, Mrs. Permpibul mentions, “Climate change impacts deal with long-term planning. We need to be looking at how we are planning to adapt ourselves to the impact in the next five to 10 years and the infrastructure needed to be resilient to those impacts. It is very site-specific. You can’t really focus on the policy level alone”. Mrs Permpibul further said that Thailand is falling behind in its efforts to mitigate climate change impacts and for strengthening its Paris Agreement pledge. Here she states, “When we meet with government officials, they claim that they already achieved 17 percent of reduction even though we haven’t implemented the NDCs yet. It seems they are still unsure if we are going to resubmit our targets this year”. This lack of coordination between the government officials is in turn hindering the successful implementation of different climate change adaptation projects as specific NDC targets have not yet been proposed.

To help enforce stronger climate change adaptation and mitigation measures in Thailand, Mrs Permpibul argues, “We need to limit the temperature to 1.5 degrees. It’s a matter of life and death and it’s the urgency that Thailand is not aware of. You can’t afford to go for another half degree”.

Similarly, to help Thailand facilitate stronger climate change mitigation and adaptation measures, Global Green Growth Intuitive (GGGI) will work jointly with Thailand’s Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy (ONEP). To stress upon the joint collaboration between GGGI and ONEP, Mr. Khan Ram-Indra, implementation programme manager for GGGI Thailand’s green growth and planning emphasizes that the partnership between ONEP and GGGI, will help Thailand to a large extent in achieving the NDC targets. Mr Ram-Indra elaborates on this partnership by saying “GGGI’s work in Thailand has a strong focus on green industries. We believe we are in the best position to help Thailand achieve their ambitious target in GHG reduction. Out of the proposed 20 percent reduction [commitment under the NDC], eight percent will be from the energy industry, which is the area we are focused on, so we are currently working to turn those plans into real actions by collaborating directly with the private sector to develop bankable projects”. GGGI is actively assisting the development of projects associated with emissions reduction from electronic wastes in the Thailand’s Udon Thani municipality. For instance, “GGGI will assist the Udon Thani municipality in developing a feasibility study to decide what will be the most cost-effective measure in collecting e-waste products. Here, GGGI is also conducting a feasibility study for a recycling plant that disassembles products like mobile phones and makes them economically viable to sell to third-parties”. To generate increased funding for green growth projects in Thailand, the implementation of Green Climate Fund has been proposed by GGGI and ONEP, which will help Thailand to have more easier access to the fund.

The broader picture reveals that Thailand’s climate change mitigation policies are indeed falling behind efforts to effectively address climate change impacts. Therefore, an appropriate remedy in this regard, will be the development of more well-designed climate change adaptation and mitigation projects. To design such well-formulated projects, the partnership between GGGI and ONEP is essential. This partnership will ultimately provide potential roadmaps for enhancing green growth, along with project funding and advanced technological infrastructures for emissions reduction.

To learn more about the roadblocks and the strategies Thailand has in place with respect to the Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Goals, please visit the August, 2018 Inter Press Service News Agency report by Sinsiri Tiwutanond: http://www.ipsnews.net/2018/08/thailand-making-progress-towards-reaching-climate-change-mitigation-goals/

Status: Right Direction

Thailand has already proposed targets of “reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20 to 25 percent by 2030” at a national and sub-national level. Establishing such targets is certainly a positive move for Thailand as it will help in developing appropriate strategies for addressing climate change impacts at a broader scale. However, much more is yet to be done for Thailand to successfully develop climate change mitigation strategies in the long-run. It is already evident from the selected report that proposing climate change mitigation and adaption policies by itself will not be enough to effectively tackle climate change impacts. Even the partnership between GGGI and ONEP by itself will not be enough to effectively strengthen Thailand’s climate change action plans. What is required in this context is firstly, a shift in approach as most climate change mitigation and adaptation measures are ad-hoc. Here, it is necessary to shift from ad-hoc measures to measures, which are holistic in nature. Finally, to make the NDC targets more accurate and binding with Thailand’s Paris Agreement pledge, it will be necessary to properly revise the data that was used to calculate Thailand’s NDC, and then incorporate this revised data into a climate change action plan. To do so, proper stakeholder coordination amongst government ministries and more stakeholder accountability especially between the ministries providing the NDC data will be required to ensure that Thailand’s NDC targets remain accurate.

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Your message will be sent to:

Dr. Raweewan Bhuridej
Secretary General
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning
60/1 Soi Pibulwatana 7, Rama VI Road,
Phayathai, Bangkok 10400 Thailand
Telephone: 0-2265-6506, Fax: 0-2265-6506
Email: rawewan@onep.go.th

Dr. Asadaporn Kraipanont
Deputy Secretary General
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning
60/1 Soi Pibulwatana 7, Rama VI Road,
Phayathai, Bangkok 10400 Thailand
Telephone: 0-2265-6505, Fax: 0-2265-6506
Email: kasdaporn@gmail.com

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????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????, ???. Permpibul ????”????????????? ????? ?????????????? 1.5 ???? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????”.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,GlobalGreenGrowthIntuitive(GGGI)????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (ONEP). ?????????????????????????????? GGGI ??? ONEP, ???. Khan Ram-Indra, ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????GGGIThailand;????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? NDC. ????????, ???. Ram-Indra ???????????????????????????? ONEP ??? GGGI ??????????????????????????????????? NDC???????????.???.RamIndra”GGGI????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????20??????NDC???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????? bankable”. GGGI ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ??????????????”GGGI?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????GGGI??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”.???????????????GGGI???ONEP??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????..

???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????GGGI???ONEP????????????????..?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.

?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????, 2018 ?????????????????????? ??? Sinsiri Tiwutanond: http://www.ipsnews.net/2018/08/thailand-making-progress-towards-reaching-climate-change-mitigation-goals/

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???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (GHG) 20 ??? 25 ??????????? ???2030” ?????????????????????????.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.????????????????????????????GGGI???ONEP?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????.???????????????????????????? NDC ?????????????????????????????????????????????? Paris Agreement ???????????????????????????? NDC ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ??????????????????????????????????????????? NDC ????????????????????????????????? NDC ????????????????????????.

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