Korea’s Nationally Determined Contribution

Spotlight Activity: Korea’s Nationally Determined Contribution

In its Paris Agreement INDC pledge, Korea plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 37% from the business-as-usual (BAU, 850.6 MtCO2eq) level by 2030 across all economic sectors. In accordance with the Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth, Korea is making continued efforts to address climate change across all economic sectors and will strengthen its efforts to achieve the 2030 mitigation target. Korea accounts for approximately 1.4% of global greenhouse gas emissions (including LULUCF, according to the WRI CAIT 3.0). Korea’s mitigation potential is limited due to its industrial structure with a large share of manufacturing (32% as of 2012) and the high energy use of major industries. Given the decreased level of public acceptance following the Fukushima accident, there are now limits to the extent that Korea can make use of nuclear energy, one of the major mitigation measures available to it. Despite the challenges, Korea has set a target for 2030, which is expected to be close to the recommendations of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 40-70% from 2010 levels by 2050.

The government will partly use carbon credits from international market mechanisms to achieve its 2030 mitigation target, in accordance with relevant rules and standards. This makes part of South Korea’s pledge conditional on external market forces. Some experts have questioned the reliability of including market-based carbon credits as part of an NDC pledge.

Status: Right Direction but More Can be Done

The Korean government recognizes that it has set “a fair and ambitious target to the extent possible” whereas Climate Action Tracker gives only “Highly Insufficient.”

I personally think Korea’s INDC can be evaluated as “Not enough but in right direction.”
As the Korean government recognizes as well, Korea’s mitigation potential is structurally limited. Korea is heavily dependent on manufacturing and international trade, and it is a highly urbanized society.

However, as one of the most advanced economies in the world, the Korean government can take its initiatives and make further efforts to lead the flow by narrowing down its NDCs’ scope and elaborating specific targets for main GHG emission sectors and urging compliance with them. It might also be useful if Korea found a substitute for relying on carbon credits from international markets to account for part of its emission reduction pledge, since such market mechanisms often are unreliable.

Take Action

Please send the following message to our Minister of the Environment:

Dear Minister Eunkyung KIM,
It is important that South Korea strengthens its pledge to the Paris Agreement. For example, South Korea could narrow its NDCs’ scope, by proposing more specific GHG emission targets and action plans for the country’s main GHG emission sectors, such as manufacturing, electricity utility, and transportation, and release annual reports including performances of each sector to catch up with its commitment to Paris agreement. It might also be useful if Korea found a substitute for relying on carbon credits from international markets to account for part of its emission reduction pledge, since such market mechanisms often are unreliable.

Contact
Ministry of Environment
Climate Change Mitigation Team
Director: Heun-jin OH
Tel: +82-44-201-6950

International Cooperation Division
Director: Su-ho SUNG
Tel: +82-44-201-6560

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?????? ??? ??? ???? ????(INDC)?? 2030??? ?? ?? ???? ?????(BAU, ??? ?? 850.6 MtCO2eq? ??) ?? 37% ??? ?? ??, ?? ????? ???? ??. ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???, 2030???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??. ??? ?? ??? ???? ??(?? ?????(WRI)? ???????(Climate Analysis Indicators Tool, CAIT) 3.0? ??? ??????? ??(LULUCF)? ??)?? 1.4%? ???? ???, ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????. 2012? ???? ?? ??? 32%? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???, ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????. ??? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??, ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????. ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??????????(IPCC) ?5? ?????? ??? 2050??? 2010? ?? 40-70% ????? ?????? ??? ???? 2030???? ???? ???? ??.
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Contact
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Ministry of Environment
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Climate Change Mitigation Team
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Director: Heun-jin OH
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Tel: +82-44-201-6950
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International Cooperation Division
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Director: Su-ho SUNG
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Tel: +82-44-201-6560
????: 044-201-6560

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