Possibility of Ratification by 2018: Treaty has been Ratified
The Parliament of the French Republic consists of two chambers. The National Assembly (directly elected representatives) and the Senate (senators elected indirectly by representatives and local politicians). Pursuant to Art. 53 of the French Constitution, an international agreement requires the approval of parliament where it concerns peace treaties, trade agreements, agreements on state finances, agreements on civil status or agreements on the amendment of legal provisions.
Following the National Assembly on May 17 2016, the French Senate adopted, on June 9, 2016, the bill on the ratification of the Paris Climate Agreement, approved on December 12, 2015, by 195 countries. All political groups from the majority but also from the opposition voted in favor. Only Mrs Marion Maréchal-Le Pen (Front national) abstained from voting.
France, which holds the presidency of COP21, will therefore be the second EU country to ratify the Paris Agreement after Hungary and the first G7 and G20 member, to ratify the deal.
The French Minister of Environment, Ségolène Royal, who chairs the COP21 until the next COP foreseen in November 2016 in Marrakech (Morocco), said that she was very satisfied that France was the first industrial nation and first EU country to ratify the agreement. She also called the other member countries to accelerate the ratification process.
The formal ratification needs the French President Hollande to enact the bill with the seal of approval, which is expected very soon.
Submitted by Climate Scorecard Country Manager Charline Gaudin