Author: Abeer Abdulkareem and Amgad Ellaboudy (Abeer Abdulkareem and Amgad Ellaboudy)

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Saudi Arabia Greenhouse Gas Emissions Have Increased by 225% Since 1990
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Saudi Arabia Greenhouse Gas Emissions Have Increased by 225% Since 1990

Recently Reported Greenhouse Gas Emissions Levels: 491.66 Metric Tons in 2018, an Increase of 225.37% and Increase from 1990 Levels (Source: IEA) The latest greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions figures indicate that in 2018 Saudi Arabia produced 491.66 million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2e), this figure is primarily driven by due oil and gas production....

Saudi Arabia: Hotter Summers, Fossil Fuel Bailouts, and the Production of Blue Ammonia
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Saudi Arabia: Hotter Summers, Fossil Fuel Bailouts, and the Production of Blue Ammonia

September 2020 It’s a race against heat, and humanity is losing Saudi Arabia has increased their air pollution amidst heat waves after their power plants burned more crude oil for air conditioners. In July 2019, the capital city of Riyadh registered its poorest air quality for the year as the average high temperature reached 43 Celsius. With...

The Center for Excellence in Climate Change Research and the Prince Sultan Institute for Environmental, Water, and Desert Research in Saudi Arabia
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The Center for Excellence in Climate Change Research and the Prince Sultan Institute for Environmental, Water, and Desert Research in Saudi Arabia

Climate change mitigation research in Saudi Arabia is conducted through universities and institutions that are seemingly well-funded. Two such prominent organizations are: Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research (CECCR), at King Abdulaziz University, and Prince Sultan Institute for Environmental, Water, and Desert Research, at King Saud University. CECCR was established in 2009 to “provide...

Lack of Political Will and Skilled Labor Shortage Might Impede the Growth of Green Jobs in the Kingdom
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Lack of Political Will and Skilled Labor Shortage Might Impede the Growth of Green Jobs in the Kingdom

Saudi Arabia’s green jobs market is developing as Saudi Aramco, the country’s largest employer, is implementing sustainable initiatives that will generate green jobs within the energy industry. This initiative has four components: energy efficiency, environmental performance, human capital development, and commercial ecosystems. Within the company’s Flare Minimization Program, multiple flare gas recovery systems are installed...

Climate Justice in Saudi Arabia Should be Targeted at Smallholder Farmers, Fishermen, and Low-Income Urban Dwellers
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Climate Justice in Saudi Arabia Should be Targeted at Smallholder Farmers, Fishermen, and Low-Income Urban Dwellers

Smallholder farmers and fishermen are particularly at risk to the effects of climate change because they rely on the environment for their livelihoods. Saudi Arabia is already a country with sparse water resources, and by 2100, field and vegetable crops are expected to require 10-13% more water because of changes in temperature and carbon dioxide...

Climate Bailout Guidelines for Saudi Aviation Industry
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Climate Bailout Guidelines for Saudi Aviation Industry

Saudi Arabian Airlines and the aviation sector has been hard hit by the COVID-19 virus outbreak. The aviation sector makes a major contribution to the Kingdom’s economy as it generates $36.5 billion gross value and supports 594,000 jobs. The airlines own and operate jet aircrafts that offer scheduled passenger and cargo transportation services. The suspension...

More Needs to be Done to Protect the Kingdom’s Biodiverse Regions in Saudi Arabia
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More Needs to be Done to Protect the Kingdom’s Biodiverse Regions in Saudi Arabia

When one thinks of Saudi Arabia, it might not seem like the type of country that is famous for its forests, but it does contain 2.7 million hectares of woodlands, particularly in its remote high-altitude areas. Under the Convention on Biological Diversity, Saudi Arabia has maintained 15 protected areas for biodiversity, covering almost 4% of...

Recommendations for Improving the Climate Aspects of Saudi Coronavirus Economic Recovery Policies and Programs
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Recommendations for Improving the Climate Aspects of Saudi Coronavirus Economic Recovery Policies and Programs

The Saudi Arabia government announced on March 20th a $32 billion economic stimulus package to help the economy badly hit by the coronavirus pandemic crisis and low oil prices. Most of the stimulus funds will bail out conventional energy systems and assist large businesses ($18.7 billion) as well as small and medium-sized businesses ($13.3 billion)...

The Saudi Arabian Energy Sector Remains Tied to Fossil Fuel
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The Saudi Arabian Energy Sector Remains Tied to Fossil Fuel

Saudi Arabia’s current energy production is close to 26.3 GW, 40% of which comes from oil, 52% from natural gas, and 8% powered from the byproduct of steam from desalination plants. Energy from renewable and nuclear sources currently sits at virtually 0% of energy production, although there are signs that this is changing. In 2016,...

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