India is the world’s fourth biggest emitter of carbon dioxide after China, the US and the EU. But its huge population means its emissions per capita are much lower than other major world economies. India emitted 1.9 tonnes of CO2 per head of population in 2019, compared with 15.5 tonnes for the US and 12.5 tonnes for Russia in 2019.
India’s pledge at the COP 26 summit included a promise for the country to get 50% of its energy from renewable resources by 2030, and by the same year to reduce total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes to stay course on its climate mitigation action and reporting back on achievements through measurable outcomes.
India’s Performance Indicators for a 50% CO2 Emissions’ Cut by 2030 include:
|Performance Indicators||Baseline Value||Date|
|Coal Production||79.64 MT||Jan 2022|
|Performance Indicator||Baseline Value||Date|
|Renewables||Production||9639.40 (S+W) MU||Jan 2022|
|Amount of Use||280 MU (S+W)||Jan 2022|
|Cost||INR 4.19 (WAP)||Jan 2022|
|# of Electric Vehicles||49,676||Jan 2022|
|Fuel Energy||Production||235,929 MW||Jan 2022|
|Amount of Use||17.61 MMT||Jan 2022|
|Cost||INR 80/litre (WAP)||Jan 2022|
*Metric Tonne (MT), Indian Rupee (INR), Million Metric Tonnes (MMT), Mega Watt (MW), Weighted Average Price (WAP)
Sources: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Ministry of Coal, monthly, Central Electricity Authority, monthly, Indian Energy Exchange (IEX), Monthly, Ministry of Power, Monthly, Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Monthly, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India, Monthly, 2022
Data Availability, Transparency and Reassurance
The parameters of measurement and data as shown in the Chart 1 above are available within various central ministries of the Indian Government on a monthly provisional basis. The data available can be used for comparison purposes over time and put into advanced data visualisation and info graphics.
This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard India Country Manager Pooran Chandra Pandey