Recently Reported Greenhouse Gas Emission Level: 275.06 CO2 MT in 2019, from 246.13 CO2 MT in 2010 (Source EDGAR)
Recent greenhouse gas emissions data from Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) shows the total carbon dioxide emissions in Thailand during 2019. Total carbon dioxide emissions for Thailand in 2019 was 275.06 Mt (mega-tonnes). In 2019, total carbon dioxide emissions for Thailand constituted 0.72 or 72% of the world’s total. Most importantly, the trend for Thailand’s total carbon dioxide emissions in 2019 shows a decline as compared to 2018. During 2018, total carbon dioxide emissions for Thailand was 279.31 Mt. Therefore, from 2018 to 2019 there has been a slight decline of 4.25 Mt or 1.5% in Thailand’s total carbon dioxide emissions.
To curb greenhouse gas emissions in Thailand, the Energy 4.0 policy was implemented by the Thai Government in 2016. Daine Loh, an analyst for power & renewables at Fitch Solutions described the Energy 4.0 policy as “It is pivotal to support the country’s growth toward a low carbon economy using technology and innovation”. Loh also stated that Energy 4.0 policy “will encompass the use of more renewable energy and boost energy efficiency through smart energy management, decentralisation and energy storage capabilities”. The Energy 4.0 policy includes three specific sector policies like Electricity 4.0, Fuel for Transportation 4.0 and Heat 4.0. These three sector policies will help Thailand transition to a low-carbon economy and enhance renewable energy production. In this regard, Pasamon Pechrasuwan, senior consultant for Industrial, Asia Pacific at Frost & Sullivan states that “Electricity 4.0, Fuel for Transportation 4.0 and Heat 4.0 are aimed to help Thailand to transition to a more sustainable, low-cost renewable energy for the future”. Currently there is no data available for determining the impact of Energy 4.0 policy upon Thailand’s emission rates.
To know more about carbon dioxide emissions in Thailand during 2019 and previous years, please visit the data from Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) at EDGAR – Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries, 2020 report – European Commission (europa.eu)
To know more about Thailand’s Energy 4.0 policy, please visit the June 5, 2020 article by International Finance at What Thailand’s clean energy transition looks like – International Finance
Emissions Levels * / 4 stars
Thailand’s total carbon dioxide emissions have significantly increased within the past 10 years. The data from Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) shows the total carbon dioxide emissions in Thailand during 2010 was 246.13 Mt. In 2015, the total carbon dioxide emissions in Thailand increased to 274.44 Mt. Similarly, in 2018 the total carbon dioxide emissions reached 279.31 Mt. In 2019 the total carbon dioxide emissions was 275.06 Mt, which was a slight decline compared to 2018. Thailand still has a long way to go in order to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions below the 2010 level.
Existing Policies ** / 4 stars
The Energy 4.0 policy is certainly an important step to help Thailand transition to a low carbon economy. In Energy 4.0, the sector policies like Electricity 4.0, Fuel for Transportation 4.0 and Heat 4.0 aims to utilise renewable energy sources for power-generation, fuel sources in transportation and for increasing energy-efficiency during heat generation. However, no data is currently available regarding Energy 4.0 policy’s impact on greenhouse gas emissions. As an outcome, it will be difficult to examine the effectiveness of Energy 4.0 policy in curbing greenhouse gas emissions.
Combined Rating: *** / 8 stars
Mr. Yongyut Jantararotai,
Director General, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency,
Ministry of Energy,