Chinese Academy of Sciences and Others Lead Climate Research in China

Chinese Academy of Sciences and Others Lead Climate Research in China

In China, climate change and environmental pollution mitigation research has been playing an increasingly important role, especially since 2012 when President Xi formalized the concept of “ecological civilization”. Numerous organizations are conducting research into the environmental effects of economic development. They can be divided into four categories:

  • Government-funded think tanks which research informs macro socio-economic policies, i.e. the Chinese Academies of Sciences (CAS) and of Social Sciences (CASS)
  • Ministry-level strategic research entities, e.g. the National Center for Climate Change Strategy & International Cooperation (NCSC) under the Ministry of Ecology & Environmental Protection
  • Universities and relevant departments
  • Private, not-for-profit organisations such as the Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs (IPE)

The Academies are national academic research organizations, providing advisory services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, as well as science and technology progress. Influential scholars shape broad strategies regarding China’s long-term macroeconomic development.  For example, Jiahua Pan, Dean of the Urban Development and Environmental Studies Institute of CASS, has been exploring the increasing conflict between the demand for economic growth and the already fragile ecological system in China. He seeks to show a pathway forward to reconcile urbanization, industrialization, increasing energy and resource consumption with environmental protection through achieving “ecological civilization”. His 2014 book “China’s Environmental Governing and Ecological Civilization” provides an ideological basis for a low-carbon model of economic growth.

Yi Wang, Deputy Director-General of the Institute of Policy and Management at CAS, focuses his research on strategic issues regarding sustainable development, e.g. climate change and energy. During a recent energy forum, he alluded that China’s 14th Five–Year Plan will continue to promote low-carbon development, but he also called for low carbon considerations to be part of a green post-pandemic recovery plan which should include the acceleration of the energy reform a clear timeline for phasing out coal.

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment’s National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation is a platform for international cooperation on climate change response. It develops climate change policies, regulations and strategies. A recent study “Progress and recommendations from national near-zero carbon emission pilot zones” summarizes lessons from projects in 7 regions. The pilots were set up to test and demonstrate effectiveness of emission reducing technologies in diverse communities and across multiple areas, e.g. industry, energy, transportation, construction, consumption, and ecology, to promote emission reducing innovation. The study recommends improvements for future pilots, e.g. unified standards, clear timelines, milestones and regulatory guidelines, financial and fiscal incentives.

National research is complemented by work of private research organizations and local universities. The Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs (IPE) is dedicated to collecting and analyzing government and corporate environmental information. IPE publishes the Supply Chain Climate Action SCTI Index which monitors and evaluates corporate action on climate change mitigation and operates the Blue Map database which gives the public access environmental data. Local universities are often involved in applied research focusing on regionally unique issues, e.g. chemical effluent management in provinces with large chemical parks such as Shanghai.

Activity Rating: **** Moving Forward

China has a plethora of research institutions, private and public, concerned with research, monitoring, analyzing and reporting of the effects of climate change, environmental degradation etc. Given the nature of China’s system being based on state planning in all aspects of human life, research integrating the effects of environmental degradation, climate change, biodiversity loss etc. with concepts of the countries socioeconomic development is heavily supported by the government. Funding is available and accessible. Supplemented by a plethora of non-governmental organizations concerned with monitoring, recording and reporting, China’s climate change research and education is very much alive and thriving.

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Dear Professor Pan/Mr. Ma,

Congratulations on the prolific and highly relevant research you and your organization are doing to further China’s leadership role with regard to combatting climate change. I hope that urgent requirements like phasing out coal and an energy market reform will find entry into the next generation of Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Climate Agreement as well as the upcoming 14th Five-Year Plan.


Prof. Jiahua Pan

@ Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urban Development and Environmental Studies Institute /

Address: 6F, Tower A, Guomen Building,

12 Jingan East Rd.

Beijing, Chaoyang District,

Tel: +86-10-84758788







National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation /

4F Environmental Convention Compliance Building

No. 5, Houyingfang Hutong, Xicheng District

Beijing, 100035

Tel: (+86)10-8220055

Fax:(+86)010-8220 0550




传真:(+86)10-8220 0550

Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs

Mr. Jun Ma

Learn More


Pan, Jiahua; “China’s Environmental Governing and Ecological Civilization”

National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation; “Progress and policy recommendations from China’s near-zero carbon emission zone pilot projects”



This Post is submitted by Climate Scorecard China Country Manager Annette Wiedenbach


在中国,特别在2012年习近平主席正式提出“生态文明”的概念后,气候变化和减缓环境污染的研究越来越得到重视。 众多组织机构正在研究经济发展和环境影响的相关性,这些组织可分为四类:

  • 中央政府直属智库机构,旨在通过研究影响宏观社会经济政策,例如“中国科学院(CAS)” 和“中国社会科学院(CASS)”
  • 省部级战略研究实体,例如生态环境部直属事业单位“国家应对气候变化战略研究和国际合作中心(NCSC)”(以下简称“国家气候战略中心”)
  • 大学及相关部门
  • 私人非营利组织,例如“公众环境研究中心(IPE)”

此类研究院为国家学术研究机构,提供国民经济、社会发展以及科学技术进步等相关问题的咨询服务。 富有影响力的学者为中国的长期宏观经济发展制定了广义的战略。 例如,中国社会科学院城市发展与环境研究所所长——潘家华长期致力于研究经济增长需求与中国已相当脆弱的生态系统之间日益加剧的矛盾。 他试图通过协调城市化、工业化、能源供给增加、资源消耗与环境保护之间的发展,逐步实现“生态文明”新思路。 他在2014年出版的《中国的环境治理与生态建设》一书为低碳经济增长模式提供了意识形态基础。

中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所副所长王毅将研究重点放在可持续发展相关的战略问题上,例如气候变化和能源问题。 在近期某能源论坛上,他提及中国的“十四五规划”将继续促进低碳发展,同时还呼吁将低碳纳入后疫情时代复苏计划,其中应包括加速能源改革、明确淘汰煤炭的时间表。

生态环境部直属的国家气候战略中心是应对气候变化开展国际合作的平台。 该中心主导制定了一系列应对气候变化的政策、法规和战略。 其最近一项研究“国家近零碳排放区建设进展和对策建议”总结了来自7个地区的项目经验教训。 通过设立近零碳排放示范区的模式来探索和验证减排技术在不同社区和多个领域(例如: 工业、能源、交通、建筑、消费和生态等)的应用,以推进减排创新。 该研究结果还建议对未来的近零碳排放试点区域做法做出改进,例如:统一标准,明确时间表,里程碑和监管指南以及金融和财政激励措施。

私人研究组织和本地大学的贡献充实了全国范围的研究成果。 公众与环境研究中心(IPE)旨在收集和分析政府与企业环境信息。 IPE出版了《供应链气候行动SCTI指数》,该指数监督和评估企业在缓解气候变化方面的行动,并运营蔚蓝地图数据库,向公众提供环境数据。 地方大学经常参与针对该区域特有问题的应用研究,例如在拥有大型化学工业区的省份(如上海)进行化学废水管理。

活动评分:**** 活跃、积极、健康




首先祝贺您和您的组织为推动为争取中国积极应对气候变化先导地位的众多高质量的研究成果。 我真诚的希望,逐步淘汰煤炭和能源市场改革等议题尽快被纳入《巴黎气候协定》以及即将到来的“十四五规划”中。











传真:(+86)10-8220 0550




潘佳华 “中国的环境治理与生态建设”

国家气候变化战略与国际合作中心; “中国近零碳排放区试点项目的进展和政策建议”

此文由Climate Scorecard国家经理:Annette Wiedenbach攥写。翻译:Jolin


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