Spotlight Activity: Policy Makers Need to Make More Effective use of Turkey’s Excellent Climate Change Data
Turkey Statistical Institute (TSI) has released the national greenhouse gas emission statistics for 2017. According to the data, total greenhouse gas emissions in 2017 were 526.3 Mt CO2 equivalent. Energy-related emissions accounted for 72.2 percent of the total, followed by industrial operations and product use with 12.6 percent, agricultural activities with 11.9 percent and waste with 3.3 percent.
Total greenhouse gas emissions in 2017 increased by 140.1 percent compared to 1990 which is a record among OECD countries. In 1990, the CO2 equivalent emission per capita was calculated as 4 tons/person, and this value was calculated as 6,6 ton/person in 2017.
In 2017, 34.3 percent of total CO2 emissions were from electricity and heat generation. It was followed by agricultural activities due to 62.3 percent of CH4 emissions and high percent of N2O emissions generated.
Transformation of Turkey’s economy since 1990, influenced the composition of greenhouse gas emissions inventory of the country. While the share of energy-related emissions tends to increase, the share of emissions from agricultural activities tends to decrease. The share of the waste sector in the has also decreased.
According to the TSI, energy balance and oil balance tables used in greenhouse gas emission calculations are made from the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources.
Sources include cement production CO2 from the Cement Manufacturers’ Association: waste incineration and methane recovery from waste disposal and recovery facilities; temperature data from the General Directorate of Meteorology; land use change and forestry sludge and emissions from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry; HFCs, PFCs and SF6 emissions from the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, transport sector emissions Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication.
TURKSTAT compiles the data transmitted to it and completes its calculations to be sent to UNFCCC by April 15th each year.
Status: Right Direction
The compiled data is reliable. It comes from various sources of relevant authorities. However, data collected by TSI could be used more effectively by policy-makers. For example Turkey’s NDC emission reduction pledge to the Paris Agreement does not seem to adequately reflect the data projections collected by TSI.
The data from TSI in 2017 shows that Turkey’s INDC pledge does not rely on solid data. According to the INDC assumptions of Turkey, it was claimed that 21 percent emission reduction can be achieved. However, TSI data shows that this assumption is unrealistic, and Turkey’s Paris Agreement NDC pledge needs to be revised.
Send Action Alert Message to:
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Phone: 0312 212 64 20 – 7000