Spotlight Activity: Implementation of National Climate Change Adaptation Plan
The Brazilian National Plan for Adapting to Climate Change (PNA), instituted on May 10, 2016, is an instrument prepared by the federal government in collaboration with civil society, the private sector and state governments that aims to promote the reduction of national vulnerability to climate change and to manage risk associated with this phenomenon. The adaptation strategy involves identifying the country’s exposure to current and future impacts based on climate projections, identifying, and analyzing vulnerability to these potential impacts, and defining actions and guidelines that promote adaptation tailored to each sector.
The elaboration of the PNA considered 11 sectors, represented by the competent government agencies. The sectors covered are: Agriculture, Water Resources, Food and Nutrition Security, Biodiversity and Ecosystems, Cities, Disaster Risk Management, Industry and Mining, Infrastructure, Vulnerable Populations, Health and Coastal Zones. To facilitate its implementation, the Plan establishes targets with a four-year deadline for implementation, according to the country’s nationally determined contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement.
The first report (2016-2017) demonstrated the commitment of the Brazilian government. According to the PNA’s report, the actions carried out following the framework of the goals are aligned to at least one of the specific purposes of the plan: 76% of them contribute to the production and management (Objective 1); 54% for the promotion of coordination and cooperation (Objective 2); and 72% for the identification and proposing adaptation and risk reduction measures (Objective 3). These results indicate an implementation more directed to the expansion of knowledge about vulnerabilities to changes in climate scenarios and the development of measures and tools for adaptation.
For the Objective 1, we stand out as example of action the generation of the Municipal Vulnerability Index Climate Change, for 6 Brazilian states, through implementation of the SisVuClima Project. SisVuClima’s main objective is to automatize the calculation of indicators, being able to generate indexes and to construct, automatically, thematic maps using the cartographic base of the municipalities from six states involved in the project. SisVuClima will enable the identification of the sectors that need priority in the elaboration, implementation and follow-up of public policy actions aimed at adapting the population to climate change.
The results of the SisVuClima Project are also aligned to Objective 2, as far as they also portray the cooperation between the federal, and municipal governments, to support the development of adaptation strategies. For the Objective 3 we should highlight the projects that aim to provide more access to drinking water, such as the installation of 370 desalinizers, from the Freshwater Program, installed in Northeastern municipalities; the deployment of 78,000 social technologies for access to drinking water and food production; and the increase by 15% of the number of municipalities covered by the Program National Water Quality for Human Consumption (VIGIAGUA).
Status: Right Direction
Despite financial constraints and political and economic crisis in the period, the number of initiatives undertaken were more than expected, with policies, programs, and projects whose actions are important measures for adaptation. The PNA went in the proposed direction as follow: an instrument for the implementation of the constant adaptation for the Brazilian NDCs, having supplied important bases for the country to strengthen its capacity of adaptation, risk assessment and risk management of vulnerabilities at the national, state, and municipal levels.
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Ministry of the Environment (MMA)
Minister of Environment
Tel: +55 (61) 2028-1057/1289/1422
Head of Cabinet
Heitor Matallo Júnior
Tel: +55 (61) 2028-1201
Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco B, 5º andar
70068-900 – Brasília – DF