Nigeria—No 100% 2050 commitment
Benchmark: 30% renewable energy in the country’s energy mix by 2030
The Federal Government of Nigeria, in its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2015 – 2030) intends to achieve 30% renewable energy in the country’s energy mix by year 2030. The target renewable energy share of installed electricity capacity (excluding medium and large hydro) is 27% and 28% by years 2020 and 2030 (NACOP, 2016).
Plans for Achieving Renewable Energy Goals
The following measures have been taken by the government to promote the use of renewable energy in Nigeria and increase its contribution to the country’s energy mix:
1. Existing policies and plans such as: the National Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy that supports renewable energy use; the National Policy on Public Private Partnership that provides guidelines for public and private partnership for development projects/programs; and the National Biofuel Policy to promote biofuel production and use.
There also is an existing National Renewable Energy Master Plan that outlines a road map for increasing renewable energy, as well as a Rural Electrification Strategy and Implementation Plan for providing power to rural areas by means of renewable energy.
2. Planned regulatory instruments such as Feed-in Tariffs and competitive procurement programs for photovoltaic, biomass, wind, and small & medium hydro plants.
3. Capacity development components such as the GIZ-Nigerian Energy Support Program to develop professional and technical courses on renewable energy and energy efficiency.
4. Financial instruments such as soft loans, subsidies and grants for renewable energy projects
Projects to Contribute the Largest Amount of Renewable Energy
A number of on-going projects will generate substantial amounts of energy from renewable sources.
The Power Africa project of the United States Agency for International Development is expected to support 14 utility-scale solar independent power projects totaling over 1125 MW to be supplied to the national grid for residential and industry use. The Power Africa project will also support off-grid provision of energy to another 70,000 homes and small businesses through rooftop solar panels (USAID, 2017).
Nigeria’s renewable energy action plans are available here: http://pwh.gov.ng/download/NATIONALRENEWABLEENERGYACTIONPLANS(NREAP).pdf
More information on the USAID Power Africa project is available at: https://www.usaid.gov/powerafrica/nigeria