Government Regulation on Monitoring of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Even though Turkey has been trying to take responsibility for the fight against climate change, there has not yet been any significant policy adopted and implemented by the Government to decrease GHG emissions. The reasons might be the lack of local data and information to start a policy dialogue between the actors. For this reason, in 2012 the Government issued the Regulation and Monitoring of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The purpose of this Regulation is to set forth the principles and procedures for monitoring and reporting emission levels from businesses and government enterprises. Some of the facilities subject to the Regulation are as follows:
Facilities with thermal power equal to or higher than 20 MW (except for hazardous and domestic waste incineration facilities);
Certain steel and iron production facilities;
Clinker facilities with a daily capacity of 500 tons and above or revolving furnaces with a daily capacity of 50 tons and above; and
Facilities producing paper, paperboard or cartons with a daily capacity of 20 tons and above.
Within the scope of this regulation, these types of facilities are subject to monitoring, reporting and verification processes every year. These monitoring and verification activities may stimulate the establishment of a mandatory carbon market in Turkey. Turkey’s Energy Efficiency Strategy Document 2012-2023 includes actions to be taken related to setting up a carbon trading system.