Possibility of Ratification by 2018: Medium
Thailand is one of the signatories of the Paris Agreement and Thailand signed the Paris Agreement on 22 April 2016. However, Thailand has not yet ratified the Paris Agreement and it does not have any specific timeline for ratification. One of the major challenges that might hinder Thailand’s ratification of the Paris Agreement is the lack of transparency in the country’s legislative system, thus making the process of ratification more complex and complicated. This is because of Thailand’s current governmental structure. Since 2014 Thailand has been under a military dictatorship and is ruled by a prime minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha. The military dictatorship creates uncertainties for Thailand’s ratification of the Paris Agreement due to its authoritarian and mixed approach in addressing environmental concerns. The military government has replaced Thailand’s Parliament with a National Legislative Assembly. The National Assembly is generally supportive of government policy. Therefore the Assembly is likely to approve of the Paris Agreement if the Prime Minister supports it.
Submitted by Climate Scorecard Country Manager Neebir Banerjee