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China Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High As the largest greenhouse gas emitting country, China has promised to ratify the Paris Agreement before the G20 Hangzhou Summit in September 2016. Zhang Gaoli, Chinese Vice Premier and the special envoy of President Xi Jinping, announced this plan right after China’s signing of the Agreement on April 22nd, which was “great...

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Germany Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High The ratification of international treaties is ultimately at the hands of the Bundespräsident, Joachim Gauch. While Germany’s Basic Law allows the Bundesregierung (executive branch) to engage in international treaties, those which could affect the political relations of the State require the involvement of the Bundestag (lower parliamentary branch) by means of legislation. Once presented to...

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Argentina Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High Like most other major nations Argentina signed the Paris Agreement in April 2016, but has yet to ratify it. As the Paris Agreement was being discussed and developed in late 2015, Argentina underwent significant changes in its political leadership. Just days before the Agreement was adopted, a new President, Mauricio Macri, was sworn...

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Australia Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: Medium Australia signed the Paris Agreement on April 22nd, 2016, but has yet to ratify the agreement. Entering into treaties in an executive power in Australia, and final decisions about and ratification of treaties requires the approval of the House of Representatives and the Senate. But there is debate over whether the Paris agreement...

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India Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification: High On 22nd April, India signed the Paris Agreement along with more than 170 nations. Then there was much hype surrounding India’s willingness to become a global leader in climate change mitigation actions, unlike the spoilsport role it played during Copenhagen summit in 2009. However, from the end of the Paris summit...

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Indonesia Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High Indonesia signed the Paris Agreement on April 22nd, 2016. Although Indonesia has yet to ratify the agreement, the government is committed to reducing emissions and following through with ratification. In order to ratify the agreement, it must first be submitted by the ‘institution initiating the agreement to the president through the minister...

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Canada Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High Canada has not ratified the Paris Agreement as yet but newly elected Prime Minister (PM) Trudeau and Environment Minister Catherine McKenna attended the United Nations Earth Day ceremony in April, a gathering of 170 leaders in New York, to sign the agreement, recognized as a treaty in Canada. This pledges Canada to...

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South Africa Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High In December 2015, 195 countries each made a national pledge to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in a United Nations sponsored meeting in Paris. In committing to their pledges, each country signed the Paris Agreement and have agreed to work towards ratification. Signature of the Agreement serves as a commitment to refrain...

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Brazil Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High Like many other countries, Brazil has yet to ratify the Paris Agreement and submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) plan to Congress. Brazil currently is in the midst of its most serious and dramatic political and economic crisis, including the removal and proposed impeachment of the President-Dilma Rousseff. The Brazilian constitution gives...

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Mexico Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: High Mexico has a ratification mechanism very similar to the US: after the President (or in this case, the head Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources) has signed the agreement, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has to send it to the Senate for its analysis, evaluation and eventually,...

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