Like many other countries, Spain maintains a comprehensive greenhouse gas emissions inventory to monitor and report its emissions yearly. The latest complete report was released on March 2023 with 2021 data—a preview of the next GEI report to be released utilizing data from 2022.
Generally speaking, emissions of 293.8 million tons of CO2 equivalent by 2022 are foreseen, representing an increase in CO2 equivalent emissions in 2022 compared to the previous year of 1.7%. The rise is mainly due to electricity generation increase by 43.3 % compared to 2021 and transport.
This inventory is essential for tracking progress toward climate goals and commitments, including those established under international agreements like the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement.
The Directorate-General for Environmental Quality and Assessment (DGCEA) at the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO) is the competent authority of the Spanish Inventory System (SEI). The DGCEA is also the competent authority for elaborating the national emissions projections, which is also performed within the SEI. The Subdirectorate-General for Clean Air and Industrial Sustainability (SGALSI), within the DGCEA, is responsible for the SEI management and the annual delivery of the National Inventory of Emissions. The Inventory Unit within the SGALSI acts as the executive body of the SEI. Other organizations and government bodies in Spain are involved in organizing and managing greenhouse gas emissions data:
- Spanish Office for Climate Change (OECC): The OECC operates within MITECO and focuses on climate policy and international climate negotiations. It plays a role in compiling and reporting Spain’s emissions data to international organizations.
- National Institute of Statistics (INE): INE collects and compiles statistical data in Spain. It may provide data related to emissions from various sectors, which can be used in the greenhouse gas inventory.
In addition to national organizations, regional and local governments in Spain may also collect and report emissions data specific to their jurisdictions, especially in transportation and waste management areas.
Further information and contact details can be consulted on the Spanish Inventory National Systems webpage.
Contact: Inventories Unit. Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico.
Address: Pza. San Juan de la Cruz, s/n 28071 Madrid
Based on the availability of information on the emissions themselves, two significant categories of information can be differentiated: Continuous measurement and Measurement at regular intervals.
In summary, Spain is assigned a B- grade using the Climate Scorecard’s rating. While the comprehensive report primarily draws upon data from 2021, it’s important to note that more recent and readily accessible figures are accessible but not yet readily available.
This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Spain Country Manager Isabel Castillo.