Brazil’s Climate Observatory has been Producing Reliable Estimates of Annual Greenhouse Gas Emissions Since 2013


The OC is a coalition of Brazilian civil society organizations collaborating on climate change issues. Founded in 2001, it originally aimed to train people from NGOs – Non-Governmental Organizations on climate. 2013, it entered a new phase: data generation, launching an annual emissions estimate. The SEEG (Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimation System) was created as the first non-governmental initiative in the world to calculate annual emissions in all sectors of the economy.

The Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals Estimation System (SEEG), an initiative of the Climate Observatory, provides information on the production of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Brazil, analytical documents on the evolution of emissions and an internet portal for simple and providing the system’s methods and data.

The inventory can be easily accessed via the following link:

There, we can observe the performance of GHG emissions until 2021, indicating an increase of 12.16% compared to the previous year, where the Energy and Land Use Change and Forestry sectors contributed decisively to this growth.

The current government announced this Wednesday (20/09), during UN Climate Week in New York, along with raising Brazil’s NDC climate target in the Paris Agreement, resuming what was established in 2015 in response to the OC’s request.

Brazil’s commitment to the Agreement had been reduced under the previous government, allowing the country to reach 2030, emitting 400 million tons of greenhouse gases more than predicted in the original target. The case became known as “climate cycling.”

Correcting the Brazilian NDC to what was established in 2015 is the right step, as it puts the country back on the path to becoming zero carbon in 2050 – the premise of the Paris Agreement, remembering that if the country adopts the measures recommended by the OC,  Brazil could reach this objective in advance in 2045.

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Brazil Country Manager Carlos Alexandre de Oliveira.


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