Through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Government of Indonesia initiated a program in 2012 termed ‘The Kampung Iklim (Climate Village) Programme’ (ProKlim). The goal of the program is to address the climate vulnerability of the local communities by helping them to adapt and mitigate its effects. The program promotes a low-carbon lifestyle by disseminating and exchanging knowledge and best practices on climate change adaptation, improving local community adaptive capacity, and involvement of stakeholders. The ProKlim Award recognizes climate action at the local level, steered by villages and communities. Villages and communities submit their projects to the regional offices, which in turn submit them to the Ministry of Environment through its Directorate General of Climate Change Control. The ProKlim activities are geared towards enhancing Non-Party Stakeholder participation to achieve the NDC target. Local, provincial governments, districts, sub-districts, and private companies fund the project.
The process, stakeholders, and project activities
Under the program, support tools and guideline documents such as ‘Guidelines of ProKlim Implementation’ and Guideline of GHG Reduction Emission Estimation in Community’ were published to help communities measure the impact of their initiatives. The award selection process takes place annually and has a three-step selection process. 1) Identification of climate change mitigation and adaptation activities. 2)Verification 3) Review. The government also carries out pilot projects in parallel with development organizations in some villages. The Program has helped develop an extensive network of stakeholders, including national ministries and institutions, provincial governments, municipalities, village-level committees and communities, research institutions, NGOs, universities, private sector stakeholders, and indigenous peoples’ organizations.
The adaptation activities supported by the program are the prevention and control of floods, droughts, and sea level rise, improving food security, and community health and well-being. Similarly, some mitigation activities undertaken are waste management, land management and reforestation, renewable energy, and energy conservation. To ensure the sustainability of projects, local policy is considered, and smaller community groups are formed to monitor the project milestones. In addition, aspects such as equal gender participation, disaster risk mitigation, and improving social, economic, and environmental benefits are given importance while implementing the projects. The project also incentivizes community networking activities. A village that has received aÍn award and aims to receive the next level of the award must assist ten other villages to achieve sustainability status.
The project received technical assistance for evaluating, assessing, and implementing a pilot project in three villages by the German Development Cooperation Agency (GIZ). Other organizations such as UNDP, KEMITRAAN, and YAYASAN MADANI (MADANI FOUNDATION) were also involved and assisted in the project’s outreach and development of models for piloting ProKlim in new provinces and focus areas.
Project Impact and Future
In 2019, 187 awardees were selected out of 2000 nominations received from 33 provinces. The government now aims to receive 10,000 nominations from 34 provinces across 500 districts and cities by 2030. According to a recent article released in January 2023, Laksmi Dwanthi, the director-general of Climate Change Control at the Environment and Forestry Ministry, in a reflection activity at the end of 2022, stated that to date, 424 Proklim projects have been formed in all regions of Indonesia. The current progress rate seems slow, and there is still a long way to go to achieve the target of reaching more than 10,000 projects by 2030.
ProKlim is positively contributing to the goal of ‘developing community and participation in local planning processes’ mentioned in Indonesia’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. However, to create a global mitigation impact, private companies must undergo a systemic change in their production processes compared to villages. Nevertheless, the program demonstrates a good practice of community empowerment and climate action at the smallest local scale.
Why is ProKlim a best practice example?
- Ensures local practices, traditional structures, and knowledge systems are recognized.
- Enables private partnerships and involvement of national and international development organizations.
- Encourages local companies to direct corporate social responsibility (CSR) by contributing to the project activities in terms of technical and financial support.
- Establishes a transparent process for nominating, monitoring, and verifying climate actions.
- Empowers communities to take the lead in planning and implementing required climate action, thus making it a self-sustaining process.
- Sri Tantri Arundhati, Director for Climate Change Adaptation, Directorate General of Climate
Change KLHK (Ministry of Environment and Forestry), firstname.lastname@example.org
- Emma Rachmawati, Director for Climate Change Mitigation, Directorate General of Climate
Change KLHK (Ministry of Environment and Forestry)
- (Faedlulloh, 2019), Kampung versus Climate Change: The Dynamics of Community Empowerment through the Climate Village Program (ProKlim),DOI: 1088/1742-6596/1424/1/012055
This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Indonesia Country Manager Netra Nalk