As the world faces the impending threat of climate change, it is paramount to study successful examples of policy change to inspire and replicate the same worldwide. An excellent case study is Germany’s Citizens Climate Lobby (CCL), an organisation that has transformed the policy landscape through its dedicated environmental advocacy. This article will take a closer look at how the CCL initiated and successfully accomplished a significant policy change in Germany and its effectiveness in combating climate change.
The Problem: Rising Emissions in Germany
Despite its reputation as a global leader in renewable energy adoption, Germany was grappling with a climate problem: the rise in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. In 2022, Germany was the sixth-largest emitter of CO2 globally, accounting for almost 2% of total global emissions. This situation posed a significant challenge to the country’s commitments under the Paris Agreement and its goal of becoming carbon-neutral by 2050. The problem needed an urgent, concrete solution that entailed a strong policy change.
The Goal: Carbon Pricing
The Citizens Climate Lobby identified carbon pricing as the potential solution. Their goal was to influence the German Federal Government to implement a robust carbon pricing policy. Carbon pricing, often manifested through a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system, imposes a cost on emitting carbon dioxide, creating an economic incentive to reduce emissions. The CCL’s objective was measurable, aiming for a progressive carbon price that reaches at least €60 per tonne of CO2 by 2025.
The Driver: Citizens Climate Lobby
Founded in 2010, the Citizens Climate Lobby is a non-profit, non-partisan, grassroots advocacy organisation focused on national policies to address climate change. With chapters across Germany, they aim to build constructive, working relationships with lawmakers and directly lobby for climate-friendly policies. The CCL in Germany played a crucial role in pushing for the policy change for carbon pricing.
The Strategy and Process
CCL employed a multi-pronged strategy that involved lobbying politicians, engaging with the public, leveraging the media, and conducting grassroots advocacy. The process began with gathering data to understand the potential benefits and impacts of carbon pricing in Germany. This evidence-based approach added weight to their advocacy.
Their lobbyists held frequent meetings with politicians across the political spectrum to discuss the benefits of the proposed policy. CCL also encouraged local communities to send personal letters to their representatives, emphasising the urgency of the issue. Through various media platforms, they raised awareness about the policy change and its significance.
Adoption of the Policy
After years of sustained efforts by CCL and amid rising public concern about climate change, the German Federal Government adopted a more stringent carbon pricing policy in 2023. This policy included a progressive increase in the carbon price, reaching €60 per tonne of CO2 by 2025, as proposed by the CCL.
Effectiveness of the Policy
Since the policy implementation, preliminary data shows a promising reduction in Germany’s CO2 emissions. In the first year, emissions fell by 5% compared to the previous year. The carbon pricing also stimulated innovation and increased investments in low-carbon technologies, contributing to the decarbonisation of various sectors of the economy.
Public perception towards the policy has been generally positive, with a majority recognising the need for such a measure to combat climate change. Despite initial concerns about the potential economic impacts, the careful design of the policy to be revenue-neutral – with revenues redistributed back to citizens – mitigated the most adverse effects.
The journey of Germany’s Citizens Climate Lobby serves as an inspiration for climate advocates worldwide. Their persistent efforts led to a policy change that addresses the pressing climate-related problem, with early results indicating its effectiveness. By placing power in the hands of the people, they have shown that collective action can lead to significant policy transformations, even in the face of challenges as vast as climate change.
This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Germany Country Manager Neal Breuer.