Turkey: Climate Progress Report

Turkey would need to reduce its emissions to below 365 MtCO2 by 2030 and to below 226 MtCO2 by 2050 to be within its emissions allowances under a ‘fair-share’ range compatible with global 1.5°C. Turkey’s intended 2030 national emissions reduction target is to reduce emissions 21% below what it calls a business-as-usual scenario, equivalent to 999 MtCO2 by 2030. The Turkish Government ratified the Paris Agreement only in late 2021 and the president declared around 80 action items to comply with the agreement.

The three major sources of emission in Turkey are named as the major sectors for the emissions to be decreased.

  • Electricity production 116 MtCO2
  • Household heating 60 MtCO2
  • Land transportation 30 MtCO2

Should Turkey be able to reduce the emissions in these three sectors by 2030, the emission level is projected to be around 448 MtCO2. In order to hit the 2030 target of 365 MtCO2, a further reduction of 83 MtCO2 from the rest of the economy.

Since the above mentioned three sectors are shortlisted as the major single sources of the emission, the following indicators are suggested as the main indicators to follow up.

Performance Indicator Baseline Value Date
% Change of the renewable energy in overall capacity (to be checked semi-annually) 53% Feb 2022
% Change of natural gas usage in residential heating in 12 months (to be checked annually) 7% Jan 2022
Number of electric vehicles sold in a year (to be checked semi-annually) 2.846 2021
Number of hybrid vehicles sold in a year (to be checked semi-annually) 49.493 2021


This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Turkey Country Manager Dr Semih Ergur


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