This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Mexico Country Manager Pablo David Necoechea Porras
Best Organizational Source: National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases and Compounds
In Mexico, several organizations provide information on the current level of the country’s emissions. The National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases and Compounds produced by the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change is the primary source of information on greenhouse emissions and climate change issues. The National Inventory generates data that is mandatory for the nation, Mexican states, and municipalities. Among the information gaps in climate mitigation data is mainly the need for data with disaggregation at the municipal and local levels.
More specifically, The National Inventory provides the estimate of anthropogenic greenhouse gas and compound emissions. In the 2019 update the agriculture, forestry, and other land use sectors stand out as they have higher level technical estimates, disaggregated by region.
Within specific sectors, the following data sources provide the best climate-related information:
Electricity produced by the Federal Electricity Commission and National Energy Balance by the Energy Information System of the Ministry of Energy provides information on fuel-burning activities. The Ministry of Communications and Transportation offers data on aviation, automotive emissions. The Statistical Yearbook—created by the Mexican Mining-Mexican Geological Service of the Secretary of Economy—provides data on fugitive emissions from the extraction and manufacture of fuels. Finally, the Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection Information Subsystem of Mexican Petroleum (PEMEX) offers data on the energy sector emissions.
INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES AND USE OF PRODUCTS SECTOR
The Economic Information System, Manufacturing Industry’s Monthly Survey, and the National Institute of Statistics and Geography’s Economic Census offer data on manufacturing sector emissions. The National Cement Chamber offers data on the constructions sector emissions. The Mexican Industries Statistical Yearbook delivers data for the National Association of Chemical Industry and the Unit for the Secretary of Environmental and Natural Resources’ Protection of the Ozone Layer. The Chemical Industry generates data on iron and steel production. The National Chamber of the Steel Industry creates data on air conditioning equipment and refrigerators with data from emissions from the Metal Industry. The National Association of Manufacturers of Household Appliances generates information on substitute products for substances that deplete the ozone layer and create consumption of carbonates. Also, the National Chamber of the Pulp and Paper Industry provides data on pulp and paper industry emissions.
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND OTHER LAND-USE SECTOR
Some agencies provide data on Agri-Food and Fisheries and their CO2 emissions, such as the Mexican Annual Statistics of Agricultural and Livestock Production of the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources and the National Forestry Commission.
The Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources, the National Council of Population, and the National Institute of Statistics and Geography offers information on Solid Waste Elimination, Population and Housing Censuses with data on the incineration and burning of waste in the open air, as well as information on water treatment plants. In addition, the National Council of Water provides information on wastewater treatment and disposal.
Quality and reliability of the climate emissions data produced by the country:
Rating: *** Good
Four Stars (****): Outstanding
Three stars (***): Good
Two stars (**): Fair
One star (*): Poor
María Amparo Martínez Arroyo, Director of the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change
Image credit: dronepicr via Flickr https://flic.kr/p/uotSYM