This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Indonesia Country Manager Ruby Orim
The Jakarta Urban Regeneration Program is a plan initiated by Jakarta’s governor, Anies Baswedan, in 2019. The plan was built to address Jakarta’s sinking problems and popular environmental malpractices. The Urban Regeneration Plan consists of goals to restructure Jakarta’s pipe water infrastructure to make it accessible to everyone and extend its mass rapid transit system.
The plan is expected to result in the reduction of wastewater by 30% and waste treatment will increase by 70% by 2025. Although there is no specific target for the reduction of air pollution, through the restructuring of Jakarta’s transit system, air pollution is expected to be greatly reduced.
The main focus of this plan is to restructure Jakarta’s urban water and transport systems to reduce flooding and sinking which is a huge concern as Jakarta is considered the world’s fastest sinking city. Furthermore, this initiative aims to educate the public on better environmental practices. The main strategy for addressing sinking concerns is restructuring pipe water systems so it is accessible to everyone. This is important because only 60% of the population in Jakarta has access to its pipe water infrastructure. The rest of the population digs wells and uses groundwater which creates an environmental issue and makes Jakarta increasingly prone to flooding.
The main strategy for improving the air quality is changing the transportation systems in Jakarta. This includes extending rail systems and adding more bus lines to incentivize less car use.
This new plan will cost over $40 billion and is to be completed over the course of 10 years. It is funded by the Indonesian government and the city of Jakarta. As this is essentially an infrastructure plan put in place to combat environmental issues that are specific to Jakarta, the Indonesian government is solely in charge of implementation. The strengths of this plan are that it occurs in a short space of time and it addresses issues that if ignored would pose grave environmental problems for Jakarta in the future. It also explores ways in which urban development can be refined to be environmentally sustainable. The shortcomings of this plan are that there isn’t a specific target set for the reduction of emissions.
Contact – Governor of Jakarta – Anies Baswedan