Mexico Subnational Best Practices

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Baja California—Baja California is a pioneer state in renewable energy developments. In 2010 it participated in the building of 200 houses with solar panels. Moreover, the same year the wind park “La Rumorosa I” opened with a capacity of 10 MW. There is an on-going energy efficiency program that replaces air conditioners, refrigerators, light bulbs and installs thermal insulation in buildings.

Regarding the transport sector, the cities of Tijuana and Mexicali also implemented a BRT system. Thanks to a State Reforestation Program, three plant nurseries were created in the cities of Tijuana, Mexicali and El Hongo with the goal of planting 1 million trees per year.

Raúl Alberto Tovar Gerardo, Air Quality Department, Secretary of Environmental Protection of the State of Baja California.
Telephone: +52 (686) 566-22-68 Ext: 109

Chiapas—In 2010, the state of Chiapas established REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) committees to collaborate in the development of a REDD+ framework at regional and local levels. In 2011, it joined the R20 (Regions of Climate) Group, a coalition of sub-national governments and other actors that implements low-carbon and climate-resilient projects. It also became part of the Governor’s Climate and Forest Taskforce (GCF), an international group of 16 states with high coverage of tropical forests.

José Alfredo Ruíz Samayoa, Undersecretary of Climate Change, Secretary of Environment and Natural History of the State of Chiapas.
Address: Calzada Cerro Hueco S/N., El Zapotal C.P. 29094 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas
Telephone: +52 (961) 614700 Ext. 51008


Broadly, in Mexico there are around 20 provinces or municipalities that have clear and effective mitigation and adaptation strategies which were developed with the help of ICLEI—Local Governments for Sustainability. ICLEI has also been involved at the state level, where in collaboration with the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change and state governments they have developed State Climate Change Action Programs. The states of Quintana Roo, Yucatán, and Campeche also established their own Regional Commission of Climate Change to coordinate actions and strategies.

Of the 32 states of Mexico, 25 are associated with ICLEI, while 66 municipalities have taken sustainable development actions from ICLEI’s program.  40 cities or municipalities have also signed the Mexico City Pact. However, only 12 have subscribed to the Pact’s idea of globally measurable, reportable, and verifiable (MRV) local climate actions, which must be reported on the Carbon-Climate Registry platform.


Mexico City—Mexico City has considerable experience in implementing mitigation strategies in various sectors. In 2010, it hosted and promoted the Global Cities Covenant on Climate or “The Mexico City Pact”, a voluntary initiative of mayors and local authority representatives that aims to advance climate actions. Some of the mechanisms implemented to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions during that period were the following:
•    Approval on a new Norm for the Use of Solar Power, which resulted in the installation of photovoltaic cells in parks, use of solar power for Metro (subway) and Metrobús (a Bus Rapid Transit-BRT system) facilities and the publication of an Energy Efficiency Program.
•    New policies to improve air quality led to the substitution of taxi fleets, acquisition of middle-sized buses of more capacity, increased restrictions on the ‘Hoy No Circula’ Program (restriction of diesel and gasoline powered vehicles depending on the day of the week, the last digit on the vehicle’s license plate and the efficiency of their engines) and the installation of new Metrobús lanes.
•    Reforestation campaigns.
•    Expansion of the composting plant at the Bordo Poniente landfill.
•    Wastewater management.
•    Improvement of buildings and housing units.

Mexico City’s Climate Action Program 2014-2020 sets a reduction goal of 8 MtCO2 eq., with an added 2 MtCO2 eq. of indirect mitigation.

Oscar Alejandro Vázquez Martínez, Director of the Climate Change and Clean Development Processes Program, Secretary of Environment of Mexico City.
Telephone: +52 (55) 5278 9931 ext. 6852


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