Global Spotlight Report #50: Impact of Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine on Climate Policies


For Post 50 we examine the different ways in which Russia’s invasion of Ukraine affected the climate policies and practices of leading greenhouse gas emitting countries. Did the Ukraine crisis have a positive or negative effect on efforts to reduce emissions? Almost uniformly the answers to these questions were that the Ukraine crisis has had a negative impact on efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in almost every sector of the economy.

The table below highlights climate impacts felt by the countries we cover. More detailed country-by-country descriptive reports follow the table.

Table 1: Country Climate Impacts of Russia’s War on Ukraine 

Country Climate Impact
  • Impacts price of oil, gas & fertilizer
  • Sees an expansion in its fossil production
  • Does not foresee a change in its energy strategy
European Union
  • Sees need to increase investment in renewable energy
  • Energy security concerns are overriding climate concerns
  • Sees the need to revisit its energy security policies
  • Accepts Russia’s discounted oil price and refuses to criticize war effort
  • Investment in Russian energy is part of its import dependence
  • Prepared to start up electric power generation plants if price of natural gas rises
  • Ukraine crisis means a rise in world demand for Nigerian oil
  • Conflict adversely affects efforts to mitigate climate change
Saudi Arabia
  • Refuses US requests to increase oil production
South Africa
  • Work from home policy lessens demand for petrol
South Korea
  • Dependence on foreign energy blocks its ability to block Russian energy imports
  • Slows down its transition to renewable energy
  • Effect of invasion felt in energy and tourism sectors
  • Collecting evidence on crimes against the environment
United Kingdom
  • Energy policy won’t be heavily affected
United States
  • Faces difficult energy system choices

Country Reports

Ukraine Crisis Impacts the Prices of Oil, Gas, and Fertilizer in Brazil

In Brazil we observe 3 important impacts of the Ukraine crisis. The first impact is the increase in the price of a barrel of oil, directly putting pressure on the price of fuel and the entire production chain that depends on vehicles powered by diesel or gasoline. The second impact is on the future use…

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The Effect of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on Canada’s Climate Policy and Practices

Canada has been a strong voice in an elicited international outcry to this injustice. Our energy policy and practices to date have been limited although the Canadian government announced on February 28, 2022 a ban on Russian oil imports to Canada. As a negative, Canada expects to receive both a domestic and international push to…

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The Effect of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on China’s Climate Policy and Practices

The relationship between China and Russia has been under scrutiny by many since Russia marched its army into Ukraine some weeks ago. China appears to be standing with Russia against much criticism from many in the global community. Russia speaks of reinforced friendship and strong relationships between the two countries. At first glance, this may…

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EU Recognizes the Need to Increase Investment in Renewable Energy

The Russian attack on Ukraine has been devastating on both a humanitarian and economic level. Yet, the way in which it has highlighted the EU’s reliance on Russian gas seems like it may have positive climate implications. More than a third of the EU’s gas supply came from Russia before the beginning of the crisis,…

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France Climate Concerns Have Been Usurped by Energy Security Concerns

As the invasion of Ukraine enters its second month, climate concerns have been temporarily usurped by energy security concerns. Russia is the world’s third largest oil producer and second largest gas producer. The European Union is Russia’s largest market, receiving seventy percent of the countries gas exports and half of its oil exports. As Europe’s…

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The Need to Revisit Germany’s Plans for Energy Security

When Russian troops started a military invasion of Ukraine on the 22nd of February 2022, the world stood still and watched. Within a short time, the Ukrainian government mobilized its military troops and its nation and turned them into a force of resistance, hoping for international support. However, Ukraine until today is not a member…

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The Effects of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on India’s Climate Policy and Practices

Russia’s continuing war on Ukraine has begun to show its ripple effects on India’s fuel and energy markets, with global crude oil prices shooting past the $100 (Rs 7,527) a barrel (159 litres) accentuating the oil crisis in the country— the highest recorded since 2014. As the situation escalates between the two warring countries, the oil…

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Japan’s Investment in Russian Energy is Part of its Energy Import Dependence

Japan is largely dependent on imports from abroad for oil and gas. According to the Japan External Trade Organization in 2021, Russian crude oil and LNG accounted for 3.6% and 8.8% of its imports, respectively. While not nearly in the same range as the dependency of European nations on Russian fossil fuels, the amounts are…

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The Effect of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on Mexico’s Climate Policies and Practices

The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the European Union’s dependence on Russian natural gas demonstrate that energy supplies’ diversification is critical to establishing energy security. The European Union is dependent on Russian natural gas, and that dependency has forced the United States and Europe to maintain, until now, loopholes in their otherwise harsh economic sanctions…

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Russian Invasion of Ukraine Will Have Significant impact on Nigeria’s Energy Sector

The unprovoked Russian invasion of Ukraine has had obvious ramifications to the country of Ukraine and its people. In addition to that, the conflict has also had significant ramifications on the rest of the world, and Nigeria is no different. Specifically, the conflict has and will have a major impact on climate policies and practices…

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Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine Adversely Affects Efforts to Mitigate Climate Change

Since the beginning of the invasion of Ukraine, the Russian government has submitted to the State Duma of the Russian Federation a package of relevant legislative initiatives as part of the Priority Action Plan to ensure the development of the Russian economy in the face of external sanctions pressure.[1] It provides for the postponement of…

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Saudi Rebuffs Request from United States to Increase Oil Production

The effects of the Ukraine crisis on Saudi energy policy and practices are maintenance of the same oil production volumes in the near term and diversifying their sales markets in the long term. Saudi Arabia has so far rebuffed U.S. calls to increase production to compensate for the withdrawal of Russian oil for technical and…

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South Africa: Work From Home Policy May Lessen Demand for Petrol; Increased Electricity Prices Likely

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has resulted in a global increase in oil prices. Towards the end of February 2022 when Russia invaded Ukraine, oil prices went above $100 per barrel for the first time since 2014 [1]. In South Africa, the price of petrol increased by R1.86 to R21 per litre in March 2022…

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South Korea’s Dependence on Foreign Energy Affects Its Ability to Block Russian Energy Imports

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has had far-reaching consequences on the global energy market. The EU’s dependence on Russian natural gas has been laid bare since the start of the invasion and efforts to diversify energy supplies are being accelerated at an unprecedented rate in Europe. The implications of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on…

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Increases in the Cost of Electricity Are Causing Spain to Slow Down Its Transition to Renewable Energy

It is well known that any war has a great impact on the environment and on the economy. But, how is it related to climate change policies? First, let’s remember that market instabilities always lead to a strong increase in energy supplies. With the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, the price of electricity has reached…

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Effects of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine Likely Felt in the Energy and Tourism Sector in Turkey

Turkey has been very dependent on Russian natural sources for energy. Russia has been the major supplier of natural gas for Turkey through the pipelines crossing Black Sea and Eastern Europe. Turkey is importing over 60 billion m3 of natural gas mostly from Russia and partly from Algeria and Nigeria as LNG. Significant amount of…

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The Effect of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on Ukranian Climate Policy and Practices

In the period between 24.02 and 31.03 more than 1400 missiles were fired at Ukrainian targets by Russian army. Unlike expected, the missiles hit not only military targets but civil and energy infrastructure, putting at risk energy security, nuclear safety, environmental integrity, and livelihoods of civilians. There are immediate risks and casualties, but there are…

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The Effect of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on the UK’s Climate Policy and Practices

How conflicts between countries affect the health of the planet Conflicts between countries can have devastating long-lasting negative impacts on the environment as they can require and consume large quantities of fuel, leading to high CO2emissions that contribute to climate change. Conflicts are often viewed as sustainable development in reverse and may set countries back…

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Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine Makes for Difficult Energy System Choices for the United States

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has already profoundly altered the world, with significant implications for the globe’s ability to transition to clean energy and stave off climate change. While countries scramble to meet their energy needs without relying on Russian gas, the United States has been dealt a critical choice: double down on fossil fuel…

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