Global Spotlight Report #44: Best Sources of Climate Data and Information by Country


All of us struggle to get relevant, up-to-date, robust information about trends in climate change emissions. In Post 44, we asked our Country Managers in leading greenhouse gas emitting countries to provide an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses in their country’s climate information resources.

What are the best organizations that provide information on the current level of country emissions? What kind of information is provided? To what extent does each country depend on external sources for information about its country’s emissions? Which sectors provide the best climate related information (e.g.  energy, transportation, agriculture, housing, other)?

Country Managers were also asked to rate the quality and reliability of the climate emissions data that their country produces according to the following scale:

Four Stars (****): Outstanding

Three stars (***): Good

Two stars (**): Fair

One star (*): Poor

The following Summary Table lists the best organizational sources for emissions data and the data quality rating for each country. Full Country Reports follow.

Country Best Organizational Sources for Emissions Data
Overall Data Quality Rating
Brazil SEEG; Technology Science and Innovation Ministry ***: Good
Canada Environment & Climate Change Canada ****: Outstanding
China Carbon Emissions Statistical Tracking Group **: Fair
EU European Environmental Agency ****: Outstanding
Germany Federal Environmental Agency (UBA) ****: Outstanding
India Ministry of Programme Implementation & Statistics ***: Good
Mexico National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases & Compounds ***: Good
Russia Climate Center of Roshydromet Federal State Statistics Service Government of Russia Analytics Center ***: Good
Saudi Arabia ARAMCO *: Poor
South Africa ESKOM, Department of Forestry, Fisheries & the Environment, Department Of Mineral Resources & Energy ***: Good
Spain The Spanish Emissions Inventory System; Ministry for the Ecological Transition ***: Good
Turkey The Climate Change & Weather Control Board ***: Good
United Kingdom Department of Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy ****: Outstanding
Ukraine Ministry of Energy & Environmental Protection **: Fair
United States US Environmental Protection Agency ***: Good

Country Reports

Brazil Has Several Reliable Sources of Climate Mitigation Data

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Brazil Country Manager Elis Cotosky   Best Organizational Sources: SEEG; Technology, Science and Innovation Ministry National sources for carbon emission data in Brazil The main source of carbon emissions data in Brazil is the SEEG (Sistema de Estimativas de Emissões e Remoções de Gases de Efeito Estufa) from…

Read More

Canada Submits an Annual Greenhouse Gas Inventory to UNFCCC

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Canada Country Manager Diane Szoller Best Organizational Source: Pollutant Inventories and Reporting Division of Environment and Climate Change Canada Every year, the Pollutant Inventories and Reporting Division of Environment and Climate Change Canada prepares and submits a national greenhouse gas inventory to the United Nations Framework Convention on…

Read More

China to Close CO2 Emissions Tracking Gap to Achieve 2030 and 2060 Climate Goals with Establishment of Carbon Emissions Statistical Accounting Working Group

Best Organizational Sources: Carbon Emissions Statistical Tracking Group; The Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE); The Energy Administration; Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs   At the end of August 2021, China’s National Development and Reform Commission and National Bureau of Statistics set up a Carbon Emission Statistical Accounting Working Group with the target to…

Read More

EU Provides Clear, Comprehensive and Transparent Emissions Data

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard EU Manager Brittany Demogenes   Best Organizational Sources: European Environmental Agency (EEA)   In order to determine the EU’s total level of emissions, the EU requires Member States to monitor their individual emissions of various greenhouse gases (GHG) and report these statistics. EU Member States are required to…

Read More

The Reliability of German Climate Data Varies by State and Only Gets Published on an Annual Basis

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Germany Country Manager Zahi Badra   Best Organizational Source: Federal Environmental Agency (UBA)In Germany, access to official data on emissions is relatively simple and easy. The federal environmental agency (UBA) publishes yearly reports in both English and German, including emissions divided by categories – by gas, by sector,…

Read More

India Has Collected Climate Data and Incorporated Climate Information Into its National Development Plans Since 1972

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard India Country Manager Pooran Chandra PandeyBest Organizational Source: Ministry of Programme Implementation and StatisticsOver the years, climate change data sets have raised the need for India to capture climate emissions data as a part of its overall economic development process. Since 1972 it has collected climate data by…

Read More

The Quality and Reliability of Mexico’s Emission Data Are Good

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Mexico Country Manager Pablo David Necoechea Porras Best Organizational Source: National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases and CompoundsIn Mexico, several organizations provide information on the current level of the country’s emissions. The National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases and Compounds produced by the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change…

Read More

Russia Has Several Excellent Climate Data Analytical Sectors

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Russia Country Manager Michael OshchepkovBest Organizational Sources: Climate Center of Roshydromet; Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat); Government of Russia Analytical Center    At the moment, Russia is undergoing a period of transition. After joining in the Paris Climate Agreement, Russian businesses were given a signal about the beginning…

Read More

South Africa Has Good, Reliable Sources of Emissions Data

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard South Africa Country Manager Deepti CharitarBest Organizational Source: Eskom. Department of Forestry, Fisheries, and the Environment, Department of Mineral Resources and Energy   In South Africa, Eskom provides information on the country’s current levels of emissions. Eskom is a state-owned electricity utility responsible for generating nearly 95% of…

Read More

International Agencies Are the Best Sources of Emissions Data for Saudi Arabia

This Report was submitted by Climate Scorecard Saudi Arabia Country Managers Abeer Abdulkareem and Amgad EllaboudyBest Organizational Source: ARAMCO   Many of the publicly available, official figures for Saudi Arabia carbon emissions come from international organizations such as the World Bank, United Nations, and International Energy Agency. However these organizations most likely rely on gathering…

Read More

Spain Has Comprehensive and Sector-Specific Mechanisms for Tracking Emissions

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Spain Country Manager Wendy ParedesBest Organizational Source: The Spanish Emissions Inventory System, Ministry for the Ecological TransitionThe largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions in Spain (at the national level) are from energy, industrial processes, agriculture, land use, land use change, forestry, and waste.Spanish Inventory System The Spanish Emissions…

Read More

UK Has Robust Emissions Reporting Systems

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard UK Country Managers Thomas Christensen and Gwenyth WrenBest Organizational Source: Department of Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy   BEIS (Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy) provides estimates of UK territorial greenhouse gas emissions, meaning emissions that occur within the UK’s borders. BEIS publishes an emissions report annually…

Read More

Centralized Emission Data Processing in Turkey

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Turkey Country Manager Dr. Semih Ergur   Best Organizational Source: The Climate Change and Weather Control BoardTurkey has three institutions, namely “General Directorate of Environmental Control” under the “Ministry of Environment and Urbanization” and “State Water Works and General Directorate of Meteorology”, under the “Ministry of Agriculture and…

Read More

Ukraine is Developing New Information Systems, Which Will Lead to Improved Emissions Monitoring and Reporting

This post was submitted by Climate Scorecard Ukraine Country Manager Anastasiia BushovskaBest Organizational Source: Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection The most complete and comprehensive emissions data is provided in the National Inventory of Anthropogenic Emissions from Sources and Absorption by Greenhouse Gas Absorbers in Ukraine for 1990-2019. This data is used for national reporting…

Read More

Methodologies for Measuring Emissions in the US are Improving

This Post was submitted by Climate Scorecard US Country Manager Nathan Holman   Best Organizational Source: “Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks” published by the US Environmental Protection Agency   Inventory of GHGs The United States’ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) publishes an annual report on greenhouse gas emissions, called the “Inventory of U.S….

Read More

Climate Scorecard depends on support from people like you.

We are a team of researchers providing information on efforts to reduce global emissions. We help make you better informed and able to advocate for improved climate change efforts. Donations of any amount are welcome.