Author: Juanjo Santos (Juanjo Santos)

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The Mandated Emission Trading Systems Market has been One of Spain’s Main Drivers of Emissions Reduction
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The Mandated Emission Trading Systems Market has been One of Spain’s Main Drivers of Emissions Reduction

Currently, there are two complementary carbon emissions trading systems in Spain: the mandatory regulated market and the voluntary market. They are very different; their only similarity is that they auction the same thing: one ton of carbon equivalent (tCO₂e), with significant divergences in their objectives and operation. Undoubtedly, the mandatory regulated market has been the...

Internal Regional Political Polarization Threatens Spain’s Climate Policies
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Internal Regional Political Polarization Threatens Spain’s Climate Policies

The last presidential elections in Spain were held in July 2023. Although the left-wing Socialist Party (PSOE), which was in power, received fewer votes than its primary right-wing opponent (PP), it managed to stay in government by forming a strategic alliance with regional political parties, especially those in the Catalonia region with separatist tendencies from...

Spain’s Telecommuting and Early Retirement Trends Benefit Climate Change Mitigation
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Spain’s Telecommuting and Early Retirement Trends Benefit Climate Change Mitigation

Historically, CO2 emissions have been strongly correlated with economic development. The richer we are, the more CO2 we emit. But this relationship no longer necessarily holds at higher incomes. Many countries are starting to achieve economic growth while reducing emissions. They are decoupling the two. It’s only over the last 20 years that this decoupling...

Spain’s Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan
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Spain’s Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan

The policy that will make a significant difference in lowering greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Spain is the European Union’s (EU) binding Climate and Energy policy for 2030. This policy requires all member state governments to adopt Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (INECPs) covering 2021 to 2030. In January 2020, the Spanish government declared...

Spain: Model Community Climate Mitigation Programs
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Spain: Model Community Climate Mitigation Programs

Vitoria-Gasteiz THE COMMUNITY VITORIA-GASTEIZ (VG) is a community in Alava province with 253.093 citizens and 280 km2. VG is an industrial area in the north of Spain that is making efforts to mitigate climate change. They live in a high-risk area for climate change hazards. According to high-resolution climate scenarios, temperatures in VG are expected...

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