Author: Netra Naik (Netra Naik)

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Indonesia’s Carbon Trading System May Not be Able to Deter Companies from Reducing Emissions
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Indonesia’s Carbon Trading System May Not be Able to Deter Companies from Reducing Emissions

Indonesia launched its first carbon emissions trading market in September 2023. The market allows businesses and financial institutions to offset emissions while supporting carbon reduction projects. Under the scheme, corporations that exceed their carbon quotas can purchase carbon credits from industries that emit pollution below a government-set limit or from renewable power plants. Over-emitting businesses...

Indonesia’s President-Elect Has a Good Climate Policy, but Will He Implement It?
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Indonesia’s President-Elect Has a Good Climate Policy, but Will He Implement It?

The 2024 Presidential election is the fifth general election in Indonesia. Voters elected a President and a Vice President on 14 February 2024. The elections will also choose parliamentary and local representatives. The presidential elections occur once in a five-year tenure in Indonesia. This year’s election is especially important as it will mark the first...

Constraints to the Use of Renewable Energy in Indonesia Hampers Efforts Towards Sustainable Development
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Constraints to the Use of Renewable Energy in Indonesia Hampers Efforts Towards Sustainable Development

Conflicts between development and climate mitigation arise in Indonesia, as in many other developing nations, due to the difficulties in balancing economic growth with environmental sustainability. Primarily, Indonesia has relied on fossil fuels, notably coal, to meet rising energy demands and drive economic growth. The energy industry will become a significant carbon emitter if the government...

Indonesia’s Aggressive Renewable Energy Policies and Programs
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Indonesia’s Aggressive Renewable Energy Policies and Programs

In 2023, Indonesia has been able to make progress with policies and actions in several sectors in order to align emission reduction targets with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5C temperature limit. International financial agreements, as well as Presidential Regulation 112/2022 on the Acceleration of Renewable Energy Development, enabled the expansion of renewable energy projects while also...

Indonesia: Model Community Climate Mitigation Programs
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Indonesia: Model Community Climate Mitigation Programs

Community-based model in partnership with an NGO In partnership with a local NGO named Yayasan Planet Indonesia, the rural communities in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, have adopted conservation practices to protect at-risk ecosystems. The NGO creates village-led partnerships to support ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) by instituting community governance structures (Conservation Cooperatives) that enable access to financial and...

Indonesia: COP 28 Recommendations for Strengthening Country Climate Ambition
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Indonesia: COP 28 Recommendations for Strengthening Country Climate Ambition

Dear Honourable Dr. Agus Justianto, Director General of Sustainable Forest Management of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) Contact: agusjustianto@yahoo.com   Indonesia Ministry of Forest: pusdata@dephut.cbn.net.id My name is Netra Naik. I am the Country Manager for Indonesia for Climate Scorecard, a non-profit organization that monitors leading greenhouse gas-emitting countries’ climate policies and programs....

Indonesia Produces GHG Inventory Reports but they are Dated and Limited
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Indonesia Produces GHG Inventory Reports but they are Dated and Limited

Rating C In 1999, Indonesia submitted an Initial National Communication (INC) document to the newly formed United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), which estimated the country’s GHG emissions for the year 1990. Later, in 2010, the country submitted a Second National Communication (SNC) covering GHG emissions for the time series between 2000 and...

The Understanding and Response to Climate Change by Farmers in Indonesia Varies Depending on Their Location
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The Understanding and Response to Climate Change by Farmers in Indonesia Varies Depending on Their Location

Rating B (Moderate progress to sustainability) Indonesia has approximately 38.8 million farmers dispersed among 75,436 villages, 7,232 sub-districts, and 514 regencies/cities. Rice is the primary crop cultivated by Indonesian farmers. Other crops cultivated by farmers are palm oil, natural rubber, cocoa, coffee, tea, cassava, rice, and tropical spices. The average size of the farm is...

Indonesia’s Effort Toward Integrated Water Resource Management and Climate Adaptation Hasn’t Had a Relevant Impact So Far
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Indonesia’s Effort Toward Integrated Water Resource Management and Climate Adaptation Hasn’t Had a Relevant Impact So Far

Rating C (Holding Steady)   The water supply and demand vary in Indonesia across several islands based on population density. The freshwater supply is abundant in Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Papua islands, where the population is less. Conversely, the densely populated Java Island faces water scarcity due to low access to piped water and widespread pollution....

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